A preliminary test of a student-centered intervention on increasing physical activity in underserved adolescents
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Background: Previous studies have shown that choice and self-initiated behavior change are important for increasing intrinsic motivation and physical activity (PA), however, little of this research has focused on underserved adolescents.Purpose: This study examined the effects of a 4-week student-centered intervention on increasing PA in underserved adolescents.Methods: Twenty-eight students in the intervention school were matched (on race, percentage on free or reduced-price lunch program, gender, and age) with 20 students from another school who served as the comparison group (30 girls, 18 boys; ages 10–12 years; 83% African American; 83% on free or reduced-price lunch). The student-centered intervention was consistent with self-determination (motivation) theory and social cognitive theory in that it emphasized increasing intrinsic motivation and behavioral skills for PA. Intervention adolescents took ownership in selecting a variety of PA activities in which to participate, and they generated coping strategies for making effective PA behavior changes.Results: Intervention participants showed greater increases in accelerometer estimates of time spent in moderate PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, and vigorous PA from baseline to Week 4 of the intervention than the comparison group. Intervention participants also showed greater increases in PA motivation and positive self-concept for PA than comparison adolescents.Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that increasing adolescent involvement and choice of activities may be important in developing future PA interventions for underserved adolescents.
- Taylor WC, Sallis JF: Determinants of physical activity in children. In Simopoulos AP, Pavlou KN (eds),Nutrition and Fitness: Metabolic and Behavioral Aspects in Health and Disease. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1997, 159–167. CrossRef
- Sallis JF, Zakarian JM, Hovell MF, Hofstetter CR: Ethnic, socioeconomic, and sex differences in physical activity among adolescents.Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 1996,49:125–134. CrossRef
- Gortmaker SL, Peterson K, Wiecha J, et al.: Reducing obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth.Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 1999,153:409–418.
- Kelder SH, Perry CL, Klepp KI: Community wide youth exercise promotion: Long-term outcomes of the Minnesota Heart Health Program and the Class of 1989 Study.Journal of School Health. 1993,63:218–223.
- Baranowski T, Anderson C, Carmack C: Mediating variable framework in physical activity interventions: How are we doing? How might we do better?American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 1998,15:266–297. CrossRef
- Bandura A:Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986.
- Ryan DM, Deci EL: Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being.American Psychologist. 2000,55:68–78. CrossRef
- Ferrer-Caja E, Weiss MR: Predictors of intrinsic motivation among adolescent students in physical education.Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 2000,71:267–279.
- Thompson CE, Wankel LM: The effect of perceived activity choice upon frequency of exercise behavior.Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 1980,10:436–443. CrossRef
- Wilson DK, Williams J, Evans AE, et al.: Gender differences in preferences and motivational factors in underserved adolescents.Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2005,30:1–5. CrossRef
- Eitel P, Friend R: Reducing denial of STD and HIV risk in college students: A comparison of a cognitive and motivational approach.Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 1999,21:12–19. CrossRef
- Wilson DK, Friend R, Teasley N, et al.: Motivational versus social cognitive interventions for promoting fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity in African American adolescents.Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2002,24:310–319. CrossRef
- Lewin K: Group decision and social change. In Maccoby EE, Newcomb TM, Hartley EL (eds),Readings in Social Psychology. New York: Holt, 1958.
- Schlenker BR, Dlugolecki DW, Doherty K: The impact of self-presentations on self-appraisals and behavior: The power of public commitment.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1994,66:20–33.
- Festinger L:A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson, 1957.
- Brehm JW, Cohen AR:Explorations in Cognitive Dissonance. New York: Wiley, 1962.
- Bem DJ: Self-perception theory. In Berkowitz L (ed),Advances in Experimental SocialPsychology. NewYork:Academic, 1972.
- Rhodewalt F: Self-presentation and the phenomenal self: The “carryover effect” revisited. In Cooper J, Darley JM (eds),Attributional Processes, Person Perception, and Social Interaction: The Legacy of Edward E. Jones. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1998, 373–421. CrossRef
- Stone E, McKenzie TL, Welk GJ, Booth ML: Effects of physical activity interventions in youth: Review and synthesis.American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 1998,15:298–315. CrossRef
- Sallis JF, Patrick K: Physical activity guidelines for adolescents: Consensus statement.Pediatric Exercise Science. 1994,6:302–314.
- Freedson PS, Sirard J, Debold E, et al.: Calibration of the Computer Science and Applications Inc. (CSA) accelerometer.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1997, 29(Suppl.):S45.
- Trost SG, Ward DS, Moorehead PD, et al.: Validity of the Computer Science and Applications (CSA) activity monitor in children.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998,30:629–633.
- Freedson PS, Melanson E, Sirard J: Calibration of Computer Science and Applications, Inc. accelerometer.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998,30:777–781. CrossRef
- Sallis JF, Pinski RB, Grossman RM, Patterson TL, Nader PR: The development of self-efficacy scales for health-related diet and exercise behaviors.Health Education Research. 1988,3:283–292. CrossRef
- Kendzierski D, DeCarlo KJ: Physical activity enjoyment scale: Two validation studies.Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 1991,13:50–64.
- Pate RR, Freedson PS, Sallis JF, et al.: Compliance with physical activity guidelines: Prevalence in a population of children and youth.Annals of Epidemiology. 2002,12:303–308. CrossRef
- Stone EJ, Osganian SK, McKinlay SM, et al.: Operational design and quality control in the CATCH Multicenter Trial.Preventive Medicine. 1996,25:384–399. CrossRef
- Edmundson E, Parcel GS, Feldman HA, et al.: The effects of the child and adolescent trial for cardiovascular health upon psychosocial determinants of diet and physical activity behavior.Preventive Medicine. 1996,25:442–454. CrossRef
- Luepker RV, Perry CL, McKinlay SM, et al.: Outcomes of a field trial to improve children’s dietary patterns and physical activity: Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH).Journal of American Medical Association. 1996,257:768–776. CrossRef
- Trost SG, Pate RR, Ward DS, et al.: Determinants of physical activity in active and low-active, sixth grade African-American youth.Journal of School Health. 1999,69:29–34. CrossRef
- A preliminary test of a student-centered intervention on increasing physical activity in underserved adolescents
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 30, Issue 2 , pp 119-124
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, USA
- 3. Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, USA
- 4. Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, USA
- 5. Sumter County Parks and Recreation Sumter, South Carolina
- 6. Department of Exercise Science Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, USA