Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 20–28

Screening, safety, and adverse events in physical activity interventions: Collaborative experiences from the behavior change consortium

Authors

    • Department of Behavioral and Social Health, School of Rural Public HealthTexas A&M University System
  • Barbara Resnick
    • School of NursingUniversity of Maryland
  • Patricia J. Jordan
    • Pacific Telehealth & Technology Hui
  • Mace Coday
    • University of Tennessee Health Science Center
  • Deborah Riebe
    • University of Rhode Island
  • Carol Ewing Garber
    • Northeastern University
  • Leslie Pruitt
    • Stanford University
  • Terry Bazzarre
    • The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Article

DOI: 10.1207/s15324796abm2902s_5

Cite this article as:
Ory, M., Resnick, B., Jordan, P.J. et al. ann. behav. med. (2005) 29: 20. doi:10.1207/s15324796abm2902s_5

Abstract

Researchers who conduct physical activity (PA) intervention studies provide an invaluable opportunity to further the prevention science knowledge base for implementing and delivering PA programs. Despite recommendations that screening is important to increase patient safety, the specific screening criteria best suited for different community applications are unknown. To add to the limited knowledge base, we examined the screening procedures and the occurrence of adverse events among more than 5,500 participants from 11 diverse PA interventions participating in a trans-National Institutes of Health (NIH) collaborative known as the Behavior Change Consortium (BCC). Numerous adverse events occur in sedentary, chronically ill, or older populations, although few are attributed to activity/exercise interventions. No serious study-related adverse events (SRAEs) were reported across different screening practices, interventions, and/or populations. Relatively few minor SRAEs were reported (primarily musculoskeletal injuries), emphasizing the need to be aware of potential musculoskeletal sequelae during exercise interventions. One common characteristic of these studies is that they recommended “start low and go slow” strategies, with moderate intensity PA as the goal behavior. Recommendations to reframe the meaning and use of screening criteria to initiate PA in the community are discussed. Although we were unable to conduct generalizable quantitative analyses from our data, the combined experience of the BCC studies provides a unique opportunity to examine PA-related screening and safety issues across diverse populations, settings, and intervention programs.

Copyright information

© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2005