Psychosocial vulnerability, hostility, and family history of coronary heart disease among male and female college students
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This study evaluated the utility of the psychosocial vulnerability model for understanding the hostility—coronary heart disease (CHD) relationship among college students at risk for CHD. Interrelationships of cognitive, affective, and behavioral hostility with structural and functional social support were examined. College undergraduates with a parental history of CHD (n = 121) and a control group of 125 students with no CHD family history completed measures of hostility and social support. Among women, a significant negative correlation was found between affective—experiential hostility and functional support. Among men, a significant negative correlation was observed between cognitive—experiential hostility and structural support. Path analyses revealed a significant positive effect of expressive hostility on functional s⊷port for CHD-negative men and CHD-positive women. CHD family history was not associated with hostility or family environment. CHD-positive participants reported less support satisfaction than did CHD-negative participants. Thus, results indicated qualified support for the psychosocial vulnerability model of the hostility—CHD relationship.
- Arbuckle, J. L. (1997).Amos user’s guide version 3.6. Chicago: SmallWaters Corporation.
- Barefoot, J.C., Dahlstrom, W.G., & Williams, R. B.(1983). Hostility, CHD incidence and total mortality: A 25-year follow-up study of 255 physicians.Psychosomatic Medicine, 245, 59–63.
- Barrett-Connor, E., & Khaw, K. (1984). Family history of heart attack as an independent predictor of death due to cardiovascular disease.Circulation, 69, 1065–1069.
- Berg, K. (1983). Geneticsof coronary heart disease. In A. G. Steinberg, A. G. Bearn, A. G. Motulsky, & B. Childs (Eds.),Progress in medical genetics (Vol. 5, pp. 35–90). Philadelphia: Saunders.
- Carmelli, D., Swan,G. E.,& Rosenman, R. H. (1990). The heritabilityofthe Cook and Medley Hostility Scale revisited.Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 5, 107–116.
- Cates, D. S., Houston, B. K., Vavak, C. R., Crawford, M. H., & Uttley, M. (1992) Heritability of hostility-related emotions, attitudes, and behaviors.Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16, 237–256. CrossRef
- Coccaro, E. F., Bergeman,C. S., Kavoussi, R. J., & Seroczynski, A. D. (1997). Heritabilityofaggression and irritability: A twin study of the Buss-Durkee Aggression Scales in adult male subjects.Biological Psychiatry, 41, 273–284. CrossRef
- Cohen, S., & Hoberman, H. M. (1983). Positive events and social supports as buffers of life change stress.Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 13, 99–125. CrossRef
- Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis.Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357. CrossRef
- Cook, W., & Medley, D. (1954). Proposed hostility and pharisaic-virtue scales for the MMPI.Journal of Applied Psychology, 238, 414–418. CrossRef
- Engebretson, T. O., & Stoney, C. M. (1995). Anger expression and lipid concentrations.International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2, 281–298. CrossRef
- Hastrup, J. L., Hotchkiss, A. P., & Johnson, C. A. (1985). Accuracy of knowledge of family history of cardiovascular disorders.Health Psychology, 4, 291–306. CrossRef
- Houston, B. K., & Vavak, C. R. (1991). Cynical hostility: Developmental factors, psychosocial correlates, and health behaviors.Health Psychology, 10, 9–17. CrossRef
- Kee F., Tiret, L., Robo, J. Y., Nicaud, V., McCrum, E., Evans, A., & Cambien, F. (1993). Reliability of reported family history of myocardial infarction.British Medical Journal, 307, 1528–1530. CrossRef
- Kline, R. B. (1998).Principles and practice of structural equation modeling New York: Guilford.
- Matthews, K. A., Rosenman, R. H., Dembroski, T. M., Harris, E. L., & MacDougall, J. M. (1984). Familial resemblance in components of the Type A behavior pattern: A reanalysis of the California Type A twin study.Psychosomatic Medicine, 46, 512–522.
- Miller,T. Q., Markides, K. S., Chiriboga,D. A., & Ray, L. A. (1995). Atestofthe psychosocial vulnerability and health behavior models of hostility: Results from an 11-year follow-up study of Mexican Americans.Psychosomatic Medicine, 57, 572–581.
- Miller, T. Q., Smith, T. W., Turner, C. W., Guijarro, M. L., & Hallet, A. J. (1996). A meta-analytic review of research on hostility and physical health.Psychological Bulletin, 119, 322–348. CrossRef
- Moos, R. H., Insel, P. M., & Humphrey, B. (1974).Family environment scale manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
- Myers, R. H., Kiely, D. K., Cupples, L. A., & Kannel, W. B. (1990). Parental history is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease: The Framingham Study.American Heart Journal, 120, 963–969. CrossRef
- Nora, J. J., Lortscher, R. H., Spangler,R. D., Nora, A. H., & Kimberling, W. J. (1980). Genetic-epidemiological study of early-onset ischemic heart disease.Circulation, 61, 503–508.
- Sarason, I. G., Levine, H. M., Basham, R. B., & Sarason,B. R. (1983). Assessing social support: The social support questionnaire.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 127–139. CrossRef
- Smith, T. W. (1992). Hostility and health: Current status of a psychosomatic hypothesis.Health Psychology, 11, 139–150. CrossRef
- Smith, T. W., & Frohm, K. D. (1985). What’s so unhealthy about hostility? Construct validity and psychosocial correlates of the Cook and Medley HO scale.Health Psychology, 4, 503–520. CrossRef
- Smith, T. W., McGonigle, M., Turner, C. W., Ford, M. H., & Slattery, M. L. (1991). Cynical hostility in adult male twins.Psychosomatic Medicine, 53, 684–692.
- Smith, T. W., Pope, M. K., Sanders, J. D., Allred, K. D., & O’Keefe, J. L. (1988). Cynical hostility at home and at work: Psychosocial vulnerability across domains.Journal of Research in Personality, 22, 525–548. CrossRef
- Spicer, J., Jackson, R.,; & Scragg, R. (1993). The effects of anger management and social contact on risk of myocardial infarction in Type As and Bs.Psychology and Health, 8, 243–255. CrossRef
- Spielberger, C. D., Jacobs, G. A., Russell, S., & Crane, R. S. (1983). Assessment of anger: The State-Trait Anger Scale. In J. N. Butcher, & C. D. Spielberger (Eds.),Advances in personality assessment (pp. 161–189). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
- Spielberger,C. D., Johnson,E. H., Russell,S. F., Crane,R. J., Jacobs,G. A., & Worden,T. J. (1985). The experience and expression of anger: Construction and validation of an anger expression scale. In M. A. Chesney & R. H. Rosenman (Eds.),Anger and hostility in cardiovascular and behavioral disorders (pp. 5–30). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.
- Stoney, C. M. (1997).Medical history questionnaire. Unpublished measure, The Ohio State University, Columbus.
- Stoney, C. M., & Engebretson, T. O. (1994). Anger and hostility: Potential mediators of the gender difference in coronary heart disease. In A. W. Siegman & T. W. Smith (Eds.),Anger, hostility, and the heart (pp. 215–237). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
- Suarez, E. C., Kuhn, C. M., Schanberg, S. M., Williams, R. B., & Zimmermann, E. A. (1998). Neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and emotional responses of hostile men: The role of interpersonal challenge.Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 78–88.
- Suls, J., & Sanders, G. S. (1989). Why do some behavioral styles place people at risk? In M. A.Chesney & R. H. Rosenman (Eds.),In search of coronary-prone behavior: Beyond Type A (pp. 1–20). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
- Suls, J., & Wan, C. K. (1993). The relationship between trait hostility and cardiovascular reactivity: A quantitative review and analysis.Psychophysiology, 30, 615–626. CrossRef
- Psychosocial vulnerability, hostility, and family history of coronary heart disease among male and female college students
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 9, Issue 1 , pp 17-36
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- social support
- psychosocial vulnerability
- coronary heart disease
- family history
- sex differences