, 6:O14,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 31 May 2013

Things that go bump in the night: searching for therapeutic targets and underlying mechanisms of night-time calf cramps

This is an excerpt from the content


Night-time calf muscle cramps are highly prevalent and painful, yet the underlying mechanism is poorly understood and no treatment has shown consistent efficacy or safety. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with night-time calf cramping in adults.


160 adults were recruited the Greater Newcastle and Central Coast regions of New South Wales, Australia: 80 who experienced night-time calf cramp at least once per week and 80 age- and sex-matched adults who did not. Participants were assessed using reliable tests of foot/ankle and toe strength, range of ankle dorsiflexion, hamstring flexibility, foot alignment, calf circumference, peripheral circulation and sensation. Participants also completed a bespoke survey examining health and lifestyle factors, diet, exercise, lower limb symptoms, sleeping habits and footwear characteristics.


Presence of night-time calf muscle cramps was significantly correlated with weakness of foot and ankle inversion, eve ...