Assessment of knowledge, attitude and risk behaviors towards HIV/AIDS and other sexual transmitted infection among preparatory students of Gondar town, north west Ethiopia
The first case of HIV in Ethiopia was reported in 1984. Since then, HIV/AIDS has become a major public health concern in the country, leading the Government of Ethiopia to declare a public health emergency in 2002. Although the epidemic is currently stable, HIV/AIDS remains a major development challenge for Ethiopia. The spread of HIV in any community is in part determined by the knowledge of attitude towards sexuality of its members and by their actual sexual practices. The aim of the study was to assess students' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding HIV/AIDS and STDs in Gondar, North West Ethiopia.
A cross sectional study was conducted between February 1 to March 1, 2009 in preparatory high school students. Pre-tested questioner was used to generate the data and analysis was made by SPSS version 15. Chi -square value was calculated and p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
All the students had heard about AIDS before the interview. Knowledge on some aspect of the disease was quite low in the study group. Only half of the students knew that at present, AIDs is incurable and that HIV infection can be acquired through sexual contact with a 'familiar' person. Knowledge about STI was also quite low, 39% knew that pus in the urine is a symptom of STI and 45.4% knew that acquisition of other STIs is increases the chance of HIV transmission following unsafe sex with known cases. 25% of the study group had previous sexual intercourse and exposed at least one risk behavior. About 34% of the respondents had negative attitude towards AIDS and STDs.
Awareness about STDs and methods of prevention of HIV and STDs was low. More risk behavior was observed in male and those with alcohol and drugs of abuse.
- UNAIDS: Global AIDS epidemic continues to grow. [http://www.who.int/hiv/mediacentre/news62/en/index.html]
- AIDS in Ethiopia Disease prevention and control department, Ministry of Health, Ethiopia 4th edition. Oct 2002.
- UNFPA: Preventing HIV infection. Global Youth Partners. Advocating for increased access by young people to information, education and services in the area of HIV prevention. [http://www.unfpa.org/hiv/gyp/index.htm]
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Young people at risk: HIV/AIDS among America's Youth. 2002.
- Abebe G, Fekadu A: A health concerns and challenges among high school adolescents. Ethiop J Health Dev 2000,10(1):37–40.
- Manzini N: Sexual initiation and childbearing among adolescent girls in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Reprod Health Matters 2001,9(17):44–52. CrossRef
- Zinabu A: knowledge, attitude and behavior on HIV/AIDS/STD among workers in the informal sectors in Addis Ababa. Ethiop J Health Dev 2003.
- Kebede D, Aklilu M, Sanders E: The HIV epidemic and the state of its surveillance in Ethiopia. Ethiop Med J 2000,38(4):283–302.
- Gashaw A, Afework K, Feleke M, Yigzaw K, Molla G, Fisseha W, et al.: Low prevalence of HIV infection, and knowledge, attitude and practice on HIV/AIDS among high school students in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev 2007,21(2):179–182.
- Negussie T: Sexual activity out of school youth and their knowledge and attitude about STD/HIV/AIDS in southern Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev 1997,11(1):29–36.
- Short R: Teaching safe sex in school. int J cynaecol obslet 1998,63(suppi 1):s147-s150. CrossRef
- Agrawal H, Rao R, Chandrashekar S, Coulter J: Knoweledge of attitudes to HIV/AIDS of senior secondary school pupils and trainee teachers in Udupi District Karmataka, India. Ann Trop Paediatr 1999, 19:143–9. CrossRef
- MacDonald N, Wells G, Fisher W, Warren W, King M, Doherty J, et al.: High-risk STD/HIV behavior among collage students. JAMA 1990, 263:3155–9. CrossRef
- Lal SS, Vasan RS, Sarma PS, Thankappan KR: Knoweladge and attitudes of collage students in Kerala towards HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases and sexuality. Natl MedJ India 2000,13(5):231–236.
- Negash Y, Gebre B, Benti D, Bejiga M: A community based study on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on HIV/AIDS in Gambella town, Western Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev 2003,17(3):205–213.
- Korra A, Haile M: Sexual behaviors & level of awareness on reproductive health among youths evidence from Harar, Eastern Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health dev 1999,13(2):107–113.
- Fitaw Y, Worku A: High risk sexual behavior and pattern of condom utilization of the Gondar College of Medical Sciences students, North Western Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev 2002,16(3):335–338.
- Larson C, Asefa M, Aboud F, : Risk behavior for HIV infection, their occurrence and determinants in Jimma town, south western Ethiopia. Ethiopian medi J 1991,29(3):127–136.
- Assessment of knowledge, attitude and risk behaviors towards HIV/AIDS and other sexual transmitted infection among preparatory students of Gondar town, north west Ethiopia
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
BMC Research Notes
- Online Date
- November 2011
- Online ISSN
- BioMed Central
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, PO Box ET196, Ethiopia
- 2. Department of Physiology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences,University of Gondar, Gondar, PO Box ET196, Ethiopia
- 3. Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, PO Box ET196, Ethiopia