International Breastfeeding Journal

, 8:13

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in Ghana: a cross-sectional study

  • Anthony Mwinilanaa Tampah-NaahAffiliated withDepartment of Environment and Resource Studies, University for Development Studies Email author 
  • , Akwasi Kumi-KyeremeAffiliated withDepartment of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast



Mothers are encouraged to practice exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of a child’s life. The general objective of the study was to assess the predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in Ghana.


This was a cross-sectional study using data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). The study sample (n = 316) was based on infants (0–5 months old) during the survey period; extracted from the individual (women) data set. Binary logistic regression was used to examine the association between selected independent variables.


In general, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding was 64 percent. Marital status, region and place of delivery were found to be associated with the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. The logistic regression model illustrated mothers from the Volta Region, those who delivered in a government health facility, and mothers who perceived their infants to be average in size were more likely to practice exclusive breastfeeding.


Appropriate health education programmes by the Ministry of Health targeting mothers who are less likely to practice exclusive breastfeeding are recommended.


Exclusive breastfeeding Mothers Infants Ghana