Research

Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

, 4:26

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Ethnopharmacological survey of six medicinal plants from Mali, West-Africa

  • Tom Erik GrønhaugAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo Email author 
  • , Silje GlæserudAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo
  • , Mona SkogsrudAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo
  • , Ngolo BalloAffiliated withDepartment of Traditional Medicine
  • , Sekou BahAffiliated withDepartment of Traditional Medicine
  • , Drissa DialloAffiliated withDepartment of Traditional Medicine
  • , Berit Smestad PaulsenAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo

Abstract

An ethnopharmacological survey was carried out to collect information about the use of six medicinal plants in the regions around Siby and Dioila, Mali. The plants investigated were Biopyhtum petersianum, Cola cordifolia, Combretum molle, Opilia celtidifolia, Parkia biglobosa and Ximenia americana.

More than 60 medical indications were reported for the use of these plants in traditional medicine. The most frequently reported ailments were malaria (25.6%), different types of pain (14.0%) and dermatitis (7.4%). The main forms for preparation were decoction (58.1%) and powdered plant material (28.4%). The most frequent used plant parts were leaves (37.7%) and stem bark (18.6%). The healers' consensus for the main indications is fairly high for the four plants B. petersianum, C. cordifolia, C. molle and O. celtidifolia, and this supports the traditional use of these plants. However for P. biglobosa and X. americana the healers' consensus is less consistent and it is more difficult to draw conclusions about the most important traditional use of these two plants.