Research article

Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering

, 9:5

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Comparison of 4-chloro-2-nitrophenol adsorption on single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes

  • Ali MehrizadAffiliated withPh.D Student, Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University Email author 
  • , Mehran AghaieAffiliated withFaculty of Chemistry, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University
  • , Parvin GharbaniAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University
  • , Siavoush DastmalchiAffiliated withBiotechnology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical SciencesSchool of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
  • , Majid MonajjemiAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University
  • , Karim ZareAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University

Abstract

The adsorption characteristics of 4-chloro-2-nitrophenol (4C2NP) onto single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs and MWCNTs) from aqueous solution were investigated with respect to the changes in the contact time, pH of solution, carbon nanotubes dosage and initial 4C2NP concentration. Experimental results showed that the adsorption efficiency of 4C2NP by carbon nanotubes (both of SWCNTs and MWCNTs) increased with increasing the initial 4C2NP concentration. The maximum adsorption took place in the pH range of 2–6. The linear correlation coefficients of different isotherm models were obtained. Results revealed that the Langmuir isotherm fitted the experimental data better than the others and based on the Langmuir model equation, maximum adsorption capacity of 4C2NP onto SWCNTs and MWCNTs were 1.44 and 4.42 mg/g, respectively. The observed changes in the standard Gibbs free energy, standard enthalpy and standard entropy showed that the adsorption of 4C2NP onto SWCNTs and MWCNTs is spontaneous and exothermic in the temperature range of 298–328 K.

Keywords

Carbon nanotube 4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol Adsorption Isotherm model Thermodynamic