, 11:P135,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 09 Nov 2012

Malaria in Croatia: from eradication until today

This is an excerpt from the content

Background

According to the World Health Organization, in Croatia malaria was officially eradicated in 1964. Since then a certain number of cases of imported malaria is registered every year, but this has seen a declining trend throughout the years.

Materials and methods

A retrospective study about the incidence of imported malaria in Croatia in the period from 1987 to 2011 based on the official data of the Croatian National Institute of Public Health.

Results

Thus at the beginning of the observed period there were 12 cases of imported malaria per year, whilst in the last five years that number dropped to a yearly average of 6. Between 1987 and 2011, Croatia recorded a total of 233 cases of imported malaria. The disease still most commonly affects seafarers and workers temporarily employed in malaria endemic countries. During 2011, of the 7 cases of imported malaria in Croatia, only 1 was a seafarer. It is very likely that the number of imported malaria cases is somewhat higher in seafarers ...