Using the cultural model to plan intervention for malaria control in immigrants and native communities in endemic area, earmarked for malaria elimination southeastern Iran
To improve malaria control measures, taking into account local beliefs and practices are essential. Recently, Iran has been earmarked for malaria elimination while the majority of malaria patients are imported cases from eastern neighbouring countries.
In the present study, we employed the culture model as a theoretical framework to examine how health beliefs, behaviors and practices associated with improving access to prevention measures, early diagnosis and treatment of malaria in two communities, immigrants and native residents in a malaria endemic region located in southeast of Iran.
Materials and methods
A mixed-methodology was designed by means of two quantitative surveys and qualitative focus groups. In total, 380 participants volunteered to take the cross-sectional survey, with 185 immigrants, 195 native residents completing quantitative surveys and also 40 participating in the qualitative focus groups.
A significant association between education level and knowledg ...
- Onwujekwe, O, Uzochukwu, B, Dike, N, Okoli, C, Eze, S, Chukwuogo, O (2009) Are there geographic and socio-economic differences in incidence, burden and prevention of malaria? A study in southeast Nigeria. Int J Equity Health 8: pp. 45 CrossRef
- Airhihenbuwa, CO (1999) Of Culture and Multiverse: Renouncing the ‘Universal Truth’ in Health. Journal of Health Education 30: pp. 267-273
- Airhihenbuwa, CO (2007) Healing our differences: The crisis of global health and the politics of identity. Rowman and Littlefield, New York
- Basseri, H, Raeisi, A, Ranjbar Khakha, M, Pakarai, A, Abdolghafar, H (2010) Seasonal abundance and host-feeding patterns of anopheline vectors in malaria endemic area of iran. J Parasitol Res 2010: pp. 671291
- Basseri, HR, Raeisi, A, Holakouie, K, Shahandeh, K (2010) Malaria prevention among Afghani refugees in a malarious area, southeastern Iran. Bull Soc Pathol Exot 103: pp. 340-345 CrossRef
- Martens, P, Hall, L (2000) Malaria on the move: human population movement and malaria transmission. Emerg Infect Dis 6: pp. 103-109 CrossRef
- Tatem, AJ, Smith, DL (2010) International population movements and regional Plasmodium falciparum malaria elimination strategies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107: pp. 12222-12227 CrossRef
- Using the cultural model to plan intervention for malaria control in immigrants and native communities in endemic area, earmarked for malaria elimination southeastern Iran
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
- Online Date
- October 2012
- Online ISSN
- BioMed Central
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
- 2. Center for Community Based Participatory Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
- 3. Department of Medical Entomology & Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
- 4. School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran