Prevalence of ADHD Diagnosis and Nonmedical Prescription Stimulant Use in Medical Students
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The authors aimed to determine the prevalence of ADHD diagnosis and the prevalence of nonmedical prescription stimulant use among a sample of medical students.
An anonymous survey was administered to 388 medical students (84.0% return rate) across all 4 years of education at a public medical college.
Eighteen medical students (5.5%) reported being diagnosed with ADHD and 72.2% of those students were diagnosed after the age of 18. Thirty-three medical students (10.1%) reported using prescription stimulants for nonmedical purposes during their lifetime. The most commonly reported motivation for nonmedical prescription stimulant use was to improve academic performance. There was no significant correlation between an ADHD diagnosis and a history of nonmedical prescription stimulant use (p = 0.072).
This survey suggests that medical students appear to be a relatively high-risk population for nonmedical prescription stimulant use.
- McCabe, SE, Knight, JR, Teter, CJ (2005) Non-medical use of prescription stimulants among US college students: prevalence and correlates from a national survey. Addiction 100: pp. 96-106 CrossRef
- Teter, CJ, McCabe, SE, Cranford, JA (2005) Prevalence and motives for illicit use of prescription stimulants in an undergraduate student sample. J Am Coll Health 53: pp. 253-262 CrossRef
- Low, KG, Gendaszek, AE (2002) Illicit use of psychostimulants among college students: a preliminary study. Psychol Health Med 7: pp. 283-287 CrossRef
- Kollins, SH, MacDonald, EK, Rush, CR (2001) Assessing the abuse potential of methylphenidate in nonhuman and human subjects: a review. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 68: pp. 611-627 CrossRef
- Babcock, Q, Byrne, T (2000) Student perceptions of methylpheni-date abuse at a public liberal arts college. J Am Coll Health 49: pp. 143-145 CrossRef
- Kroutil, LA, Brunt, DL, Herman-Stahl, MA (2006) Non-medical use of prescription stimulants in the United States. Drug Alcohol Depend 84: pp. 135-143 CrossRef
- Johnston, LD, O’Malley, PM, Bachman, JG (2003) Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975–2002, vol II: College Students and Adults Ages 19–40. National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, Md
- Carroll, BC, McLaughlin, TJ, Blake, DR (2006) Patterns and knowledge of nonmedical use of stimulants among college students. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160: pp. 481-485 CrossRef
- Hall, KM, Irwin, MM, Bowman, KA (2005) Illicit use of prescribed stimulant medication among college students. J Am Coll Health 53: pp. 167-174 CrossRef
- Teter, CJ, McCabe, SE, Boyd, CJ (2003) Illicit methylphenidate use in an undergraduate student sample: prevalence and risk factors. Pharmacotherapy 23: pp. 609-617 CrossRef
- Prevalence of ADHD Diagnosis and Nonmedical Prescription Stimulant Use in Medical Students
Volume 34, Issue 3 , pp 220-223
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links