Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 309–325

Psychiatry Residency Training Around the World


    • University of California
  • Richard Balon
    • Department of PsychiatryWayne State University
  • Karin S. Björkstén
    • Department of PsychiatryNacka Hospital
  • Ian Everall
    • University of California
  • Laura Dunn
    • University of California
  • Krauz Ganadjian
    • University of California
  • Hua Jin
    • University of California
  • Sagar Parikh
    • Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Toronto
  • Andres Sciolla
    • University of California
  • Tanuj Sidhartha
    • Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Texas, Southwestern
  • Tai Yoo
    • Department of PsychiatryUniversity of California
Special Article

DOI: 10.1176/appi.ap.31.4.309

Cite this article as:
Zisook, S., Balon, R., Björkstén, K.S. et al. Acad Psychiatry (2007) 31: 309. doi:10.1176/appi.ap.31.4.309



The authors compare and contrast psychiatry residency training in the United States to that in Canada and selected countries in South America, Europe, and Asia.


Nine individuals who are intimately familiar with psychiatry residency training in the United States (primarily chairs, training directors associate training directors or residents) and who trained in other countries describe their past training programs in terms of clinical experiences, didactic structure, supervision, evaluation, and major differences from U.S. training.


Medical education and psychiatry training vary considerably in different regions in terms of the duration of training, structure of clinical experiences level of responsibility and autonomy of trainee, amount of classroom teaching, national examinations and credentialing. Some are much less structured than training in the United States (e.g., Sweden) while others are somewhat more structured (e.g., Korea), but differences appear to be lessening.


Although similarities outweigh differences between programs in various continents and countries, training programs around the globe have much to learn from each other.

Download to read the full article text

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2007