Braking formula for electrons of relativistic speed
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- Bethe, H. EPJ H (2014) 39: 537. doi:10.1140/epjh/e2014-50028-5
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From the theory of Møller [Møller, Chr. 1931. Über den Stoß zweier Teilchen unter Berücksichtigung der Retardation der Kräfte. Zeitschrift f. Phys. 70: 786–795] the energy loss of electrons with relativistic speeds passing through matter is derived. The energy loss per centimeter of distance reaches a minimum at about 96% of the speed of light and increases again at higher speeds; for electrons of several billion Volt it is about 4 million Volt per centimeter of water. A table of the theoretical energy loss for electrons and protons of various speeds is given.