The European Physical Journal H

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 517–536

Annotation of Hans Bethe’s paper, Zeitschrift für Physik 76, 293 (1932), “Braking Formula for Electrons of Relativistic Speed”


DOI: 10.1140/epjh/e2014-50027-1

Cite this article as:
Fontes, C., Bostock, C. & Bartschat, K. EPJ H (2014) 39: 517. doi:10.1140/epjh/e2014-50027-1


We present an annotation of Hans Bethe’s “Bremsformel für Elektronen relativistischer Geschwindigkeit” [Zeitschrift für Physik76, 293 (1932)] (Braking Formula for Electrons of Relativistic Speed). The English translation of the paper appears as a companion to this annotation. We highlight the conceptual and historical aspects of the relevant quantum electrodynamics employed by Bethe, provide details in the derivation of several equations, and point out some typographical errors in the original manuscript.

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computational Physics Division, Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  2. 2.ARC Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Curtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Drake UniversityDes MoinesUSA