Analytical and numerical stability analysis of Soret-driven convection in a horizontal porous layer: The effect of vertical vibrations

  • Soumaya Ouadhani
  • Ali Abdennadher
  • Abdelkader Mojtabi
Regular Article

DOI: 10.1140/epje/i2017-11527-3

Cite this article as:
Ouadhani, S., Abdennadher, A. & Mojtabi, A. Eur. Phys. J. E (2017) 40: 38. doi:10.1140/epje/i2017-11527-3
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Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Non-isothermal transport in complex fluids

Abstract.

The authors studied the effect of vertical high-frequency and small-amplitude vibrations on the separation of a binary mixture saturating a porous cavity. The horizontal bottom plate was submitted to constant uniform heat flux and the top one was maintained at constant temperature while no mass flux was imposed. The influence of vertical vibrations on the onset of convection and on the stability of the unicellular flow was investigated for positive separation ratio \(\psi\). The case of high-frequency and small-amplitude vibrations was considered so that a formulation using time averaged equations could be used. For an infinite horizontal porous layer, the equilibrium solution was found to lose its stability via a stationary bifurcation leading to unicellular flow or multicellular one depending on the value of \(\psi\). The analytical solution of the unicellular flow was obtained and separation was expressed in terms of Lewis number, separation ratio and thermal Rayleigh number. The direct numerical simulations using the averaged governing equations and analytical stability analysis showed that the unicellular flow loses its stability via oscillatory bifurcation. The vibrations decrease the value of \(\psi_{uni}\), which allows species separation for a wide variety of binary mixtures. The vibrations can be used to maintain the unicellular flow and allow species separation over a wider range of Rayleigh numbers. The results of direct numerical simulations and analytical model are in good agreement.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Topical Issue: Non-isothermal transport in complex fluids 

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soumaya Ouadhani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ali Abdennadher
    • 2
  • Abdelkader Mojtabi
    • 1
  1. 1.IMFT, UMR CNRS/INP/UPS No. 5502, UFR MIGPaul Sabatier UniversityToulouse cedexFrance
  2. 2.Carthage University, LIM Laboratory, Polytechnic School of TunisiaMarsaTunisia

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