A novel setup for the determination of absolute cross sections for low-energy electron induced strand breaks in oligonucleotides – The effect of the radiosensitizer 5-fluorouracil*

  • Jenny Rackwitz
  • Miloš Lj. Ranković
  • Aleksandar R. Milosavljević
  • Ilko Bald
Regular Article

DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2016-70608-4

Cite this article as:
Rackwitz, J., Ranković, M.L., Milosavljević, A.R. et al. Eur. Phys. J. D (2017) 71: 32. doi:10.1140/epjd/e2016-70608-4
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Issue: Low-Energy Interactions related to Atmospheric and Extreme Conditions


Low-energy electrons (LEEs) play an important role in DNA radiation damage. Here we present a method to quantify LEE induced strand breakage in well-defined oligonucleotide single strands in terms of absolute cross sections. An LEE irradiation setup covering electron energies <500 eV is constructed and optimized to irradiate DNA origami triangles carrying well-defined oligonucleotide target strands. Measurements are presented for 10.0 and 5.5 eV for different oligonucleotide targets. The determination of absolute strand break cross sections is performed by atomic force microscopy analysis. An accurate fluence determination ensures small margins of error of the determined absolute single strand break cross sections σSSB. In this way, the influence of sequence modification with the radiosensitive 5-Fluorouracil (5FU) is studied using an absolute and relative data analysis. We demonstrate an increase in the strand break yields of 5FU containing oligonucleotides by a factor of 1.5 to 1.6 compared with non-modified oligonucleotide sequences when irradiated with 10 eV electrons.

Graphical abstract

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Chemistry – Physical Chemistry, University of PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.SOLEIL, l’Orme des Merisiers, St. AubinGif-sur-Yvette CedexFrance
  3. 3.Institute of Physics Belgrade, University of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  4. 4.Department 1 – Analytical Chemistry and Reference Materials, BAM Federal Institute of Materials Research and TestingBerlinGermany

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