Open Access
Letter

The European Physical Journal C

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 345-354

Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton–proton collisions at \(\sqrt{s}=7\) TeV with ALICE at LHC

Authors

  • The ALICE Collaboration
  • K. Aamodt
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • N. Abel
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • U. Abeysekara
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • A. Abrahantes Quintana
    • Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
  • A. Abramyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • D. Adamová
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • M. M. Aggarwal
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • G. Aglieri Rinella
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. G. Agocs
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • S. Aguilar Salazar
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Z. Ahammed
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • A. Ahmad
    • Department of Physics Aligarh Muslim University
  • N. Ahmad
    • Department of Physics Aligarh Muslim University
  • S. U. Ahn
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • R. Akimoto
    • University of Tokyo
  • A. Akindinov
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • D. Aleksandrov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • B. Alessandro
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. Alfaro Molina
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • A. Alici
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Almaráz Aviña
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • J. Alme
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • T. Alt
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • V. Altini
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • S. Altinpinar
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • C. Andrei
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • A. Andronic
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • G. Anelli
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • V. Angelov
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Anson
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • T. Antičić
    • Rudjer Bošković Institute
  • F. Antinori
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Antinori
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • K. Antipin
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • D. Antończyk
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • P. Antonioli
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Anzo
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • L. Aphecetche
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • H. Appelshäuser
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • S. Arcelli
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. Arceo
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • A. Arend
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • N. Armesto
    • Departamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAEUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • R. Arnaldi
    • Sezione INFN
  • T. Aronsson
    • Yale University
  • I. C. Arsene
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • A. Asryan
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • A. Augustinus
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Averbeck
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • T. C. Awes
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • J. Äystö
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • M. D. Azmi
    • Department of Physics Aligarh Muslim University
  • S. Bablok
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • M. Bach
    • Frankfurt Institute for Advanced StudiesJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • A. Badalà
    • Sezione INFN
  • Y. W. Baek
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • S. Bagnasco
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. Bailhache
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • R. Bala
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Baldisseri
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • A. Baldit
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • J. Bán
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • R. Barbera
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • G. G. Barnaföldi
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • L. Barnby
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • V. Barret
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • J. Bartke
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • F. Barile
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • M. Basile
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • V. Basmanov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • N. Bastid
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • B. Bathen
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • G. Batigne
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Batyunya
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • C. Baumann
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • I. G. Bearden
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • B. Becker
    • Sezione INFN
  • I. Belikov
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
  • R. Bellwied
    • Wayne State University
  • E. Belmont-Moreno
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • A. Belogianni
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • L. Benhabib
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Beole
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • I. Berceanu
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • A. Bercuci
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • E. Berdermann
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • Y. Berdnikov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • L. Betev
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Bhasin
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • A. K. Bhati
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • L. Bianchi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • N. Bianchi
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • C. Bianchin
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Bielčík
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • J. Bielčíková
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • A. Bilandzic
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • L. Bimbot
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • E. Biolcati
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Blanc
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • F. Blanco
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Blanco
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • D. Blau
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • C. Blume
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • M. Boccioli
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • N. Bock
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • A. Bogdanov
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • H. Bøggild
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • M. Bogolyubsky
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • J. Bohm
    • Yonsei University
  • L. Boldizsár
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • M. Bombara
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • C. Bombonati
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Bondila
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • H. Borel
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • A. Borisov
    • Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
  • C. Bortolin
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • S. Bose
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • L. Bosisio
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Bossú
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Botje
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • S. Böttger
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Bourdaud
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Boyer
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Braun
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • P. Braun-Munzinger
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • L. Bravina
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • M. Bregant
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • T. Breitner
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Bruckner
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Brun
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • E. Bruna
    • Yale University
  • G. E. Bruno
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • D. Budnikov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • H. Buesching
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • P. Buncic
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • O. Busch
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • Z. Buthelezi
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
  • D. Caffarri
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • X. Cai
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • H. Caines
    • Yale University
  • E. Camacho
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • P. Camerini
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Campbell
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • V. Canoa Roman
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. P. Capitani
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • G. Cara Romeo
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Carena
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • W. Carena
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • F. Carminati
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Casanova Díaz
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • M. Caselle
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Castillo Castellanos
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • J. F. Castillo Hernandez
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • V. Catanescu
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • E. Cattaruzza
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • C. Cavicchioli
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Cerello
    • Sezione INFN
  • V. Chambert
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Chang
    • Yonsei University
  • S. Chapeland
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Charpy
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • J. L. Charvet
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • S. Chattopadhyay
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • S. Chattopadhyay
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • M. Cherney
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • C. Cheshkov
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • B. Cheynis
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire de LyonUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3
  • E. Chiavassa
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • V. Chibante Barroso
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. D. Chinellato
    • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
  • P. Chochula
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • K. Choi
    • Pusan National University
  • M. Chojnacki
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • P. Christakoglou
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • C. H. Christensen
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • P. Christiansen
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • T. Chujo
    • University of Tsukuba
  • F. Chuman
    • Hiroshima University
  • C. Cicalo
    • Sezione INFN
  • L. Cifarelli
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Cindolo
    • Sezione INFN
  • J. Cleymans
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
  • O. Cobanoglu
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J.-P. Coffin
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Coli
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Colla
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. Conesa Balbastre
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • Z. Conesa del Valle
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • E. S. Conner
    • Zentrum für Technologietransfer und Telekommunikation (ZTT)Fachhochschule Worms
  • P. Constantin
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Contin
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. G. Contreras
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • Y. Corrales Morales
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • T. M. Cormier
    • Wayne State University
  • P. Cortese
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • I. Cortés Maldonado
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • M. R. Cosentino
    • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
  • F. Costa
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. E. Cotallo
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • E. Crescio
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • P. Crochet
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • E. Cuautle
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • L. Cunqueiro
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • J. Cussonneau
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • A. Dainese
    • Sezione INFN
  • H. H. Dalsgaard
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • A. Danu
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • I. Das
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • A. Dash
    • Institute of Physics
  • S. Dash
    • Institute of Physics
  • G. O. V. de Barros
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • A. De Caro
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • G. de Cataldo
    • Sezione INFN
  • J. de Cuveland
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. De Falco
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. De Gaspari
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • J. de Groot
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. De Gruttola
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • N. De Marco
    • Sezione INFN
  • S. De Pasquale
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. De Remigis
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. de Rooij
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • G. de Vaux
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
  • H. Delagrange
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • G. Dellacasa
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • A. Deloff
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • V. Demanov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • E. Dénes
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • A. Deppman
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • G. D’Erasmo
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • D. Derkach
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • A. Devaux
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • D. Di Bari
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • C. Di Giglio
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • S. Di Liberto
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Di Mauro
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Di Nezza
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • M. Dialinas
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • L. Díaz
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • R. Díaz
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • T. Dietel
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • R. Divià
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • Ø. Djuvsland
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • V. Dobretsov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • A. Dobrin
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • T. Dobrowolski
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • B. Dönigus
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • I. Domínguez
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • D. M. M. Don
    • University of Houston
  • O. Dordic
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • A. K. Dubey
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • J. Dubuisson
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • L. Ducroux
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire de LyonUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3
  • P. Dupieux
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • A. K. Dutta Majumdar
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • M. R. Dutta Majumdar
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • D. Elia
    • Sezione INFN
  • D. Emschermann
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Enokizono
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • B. Espagnon
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Estienne
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Esumi
    • University of Tsukuba
  • D. Evans
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • S. Evrard
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. Eyyubova
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • C. W. Fabjan
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Fabris
    • Sezione INFN
  • J. Faivre
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • D. Falchieri
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Fantoni
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • M. Fasel
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • O. Fateev
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • R. Fearick
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
  • A. Fedunov
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • D. Fehlker
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • V. Fekete
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • D. Felea
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • B. Fenton-Olsen
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • G. Feofilov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • A. Fernández Téllez
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • E. G. Ferreiro
    • Departamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAEUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • A. Ferretti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. Ferretti
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • M. A. S. Figueredo
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • S. Filchagin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • R. Fini
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. M. Fionda
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • E. M. Fiore
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • M. Floris
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • Z. Fodor
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • S. Foertsch
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
  • P. Foka
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • S. Fokin
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • F. Formenti
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • E. Fragiacomo
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Fragkiadakis
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • U. Frankenfeld
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • A. Frolov
    • Budker Institute for Nuclear Physics
  • U. Fuchs
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • F. Furano
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Furget
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • M. Fusco Girard
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. J. Gaardhøje
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • S. Gadrat
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • M. Gagliardi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Gago
    • Sección Física, Departamento de CienciasPontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
  • M. Gallio
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • P. Ganoti
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • M. S. Ganti
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • C. Garabatos
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • C. García Trapaga
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Gebelein
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Gemme
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • M. Germain
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • A. Gheata
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Gheata
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • B. Ghidini
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • P. Ghosh
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • G. Giraudo
    • Sezione INFN
  • P. Giubellino
    • Sezione INFN
  • E. Gladysz-Dziadus
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • R. Glasow
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • P. Glässel
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Glenn
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • R. Gómez Jiménez
    • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
  • H. González Santos
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • L. H. González-Trueba
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • P. González-Zamora
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • S. Gorbunov
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • Y. Gorbunov
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • S. Gotovac
    • Technical University of Split FESB
  • H. Gottschlag
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • V. Grabski
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • R. Grajcarek
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Grelli
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • A. Grigoras
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Grigoras
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • V. Grigoriev
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • A. Grigoryan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • S. Grigoryan
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • B. Grinyov
    • Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
  • N. Grion
    • Sezione INFN
  • P. Gros
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • J. F. Grosse-Oetringhaus
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J.-Y. Grossiord
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire de LyonUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3
  • R. Grosso
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Guber
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • R. Guernane
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • B. Guerzoni
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • K. Gulbrandsen
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • H. Gulkanyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • T. Gunji
    • University of Tokyo
  • A. Gupta
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • R. Gupta
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • H.-A. Gustafsson
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • H. Gutbrod
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • Ø. Haaland
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • C. Hadjidakis
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Haiduc
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • H. Hamagaki
    • University of Tokyo
  • G. Hamar
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • J. Hamblen
    • University of Tennessee
  • B. H. Han
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • J. W. Harris
    • Yale University
  • M. Hartig
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • A. Harutyunyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • D. Hasch
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • D. Hasegan
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • D. Hatzifotiadou
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Hayrapetyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • M. Heide
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • M. Heinz
    • Yale University
  • H. Helstrup
    • Faculty of EngineeringBergen University College
  • A. Herghelegiu
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • C. Hernández
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • G. Herrera Corral
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • N. Herrmann
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • K. F. Hetland
    • Faculty of EngineeringBergen University College
  • B. Hicks
    • Yale University
  • A. Hiei
    • Hiroshima University
  • P. T. Hille
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • B. Hippolyte
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
  • T. Horaguchi
    • Hiroshima University
  • Y. Hori
    • University of Tokyo
  • P. Hristov
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • I. Hřivnáčová
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Hu
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • M. Huang
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • S. Huber
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • T. J. Humanic
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • D. Hutter
    • Frankfurt Institute for Advanced StudiesJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • D. S. Hwang
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • R. Ichou
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • R. Ilkaev
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • I. Ilkiv
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • M. Inaba
    • University of Tsukuba
  • P. G. Innocenti
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Ippolitov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • M. Irfan
    • Department of Physics Aligarh Muslim University
  • C. Ivan
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • A. Ivanov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • M. Ivanov
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • V. Ivanov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • T. Iwasaki
    • Hiroshima University
  • A. Jachołkowski
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Jacobs
    • Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeley
  • L. Jančurová
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • S. Jangal
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
  • R. Janik
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • C. Jena
    • Institute of Physics
  • S. Jena
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • L. Jirden
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. T. Jones
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • P. G. Jones
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • P. Jovanović
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • H. Jung
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • W. Jung
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • A. Jusko
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. B. Kaidalov
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • S. Kalcher
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • P. Kaliňák
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • M. Kalisky
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • T. Kalliokoski
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • A. Kalweit
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • A. Kamal
    • Department of Physics Aligarh Muslim University
  • R. Kamermans
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • K. Kanaki
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • E. Kang
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • J. H. Kang
    • Yonsei University
  • J. Kapitan
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • V. Kaplin
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • S. Kapusta
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • O. Karavichev
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • T. Karavicheva
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • E. Karpechev
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • A. Kazantsev
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • U. Kebschull
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Keidel
    • Zentrum für Technologietransfer und Telekommunikation (ZTT)Fachhochschule Worms
  • M. M. Khan
    • Department of Physics Aligarh Muslim University
  • S. A. Khan
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • A. Khanzadeev
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • Y. Kharlov
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • D. Kikola
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • B. Kileng
    • Faculty of EngineeringBergen University College
  • D. J. Kim
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • D. S. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • D. W. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • H. N. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • J. Kim
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • J. H. Kim
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • J. S. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • M. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • M. Kim
    • Yonsei University
  • S. H. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • S. Kim
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • Y. Kim
    • Yonsei University
  • S. Kirsch
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • I. Kisel
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • S. Kiselev
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • A. Kisiel
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • J. L. Klay
    • California Polytechnic State University
  • J. Klein
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Klein-Bösing
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Kliemant
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • A. Klovning
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • A. Kluge
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. L. Knichel
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • S. Kniege
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • K. Koch
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Kolevatov
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • A. Kolojvari
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • V. Kondratiev
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • N. Kondratyeva
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • A. Konevskih
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • E. Kornaś
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • R. Kour
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • M. Kowalski
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • S. Kox
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • K. Kozlov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • J. Kral
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • I. Králik
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • F. Kramer
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • I. Kraus
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • A. Kravčáková
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • T. Krawutschke
    • Fachhochschule Köln
  • M. Krivda
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • D. Krumbhorn
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • M. Krus
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • E. Kryshen
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • M. Krzewicki
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • Y. Kucheriaev
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • C. Kuhn
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
  • P. G. Kuijer
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • L. Kumar
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • N. Kumar
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • R. Kupczak
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • P. Kurashvili
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • A. Kurepin
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • A. N. Kurepin
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • A. Kuryakin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • S. Kushpil
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • V. Kushpil
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • M. Kutouski
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • H. Kvaerno
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • M. J. Kweon
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • Y. Kwon
    • Yonsei University
  • P. La Rocca
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Lackner
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Ladrón de Guevara
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • V. Lafage
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • C. Lal
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • C. Lara
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • D. T. Larsen
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • G. Laurenti
    • Sezione INFN
  • C. Lazzeroni
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • Y. Le Bornec
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • N. Le Bris
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • H. Lee
    • Pusan National University
  • K. S. Lee
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • S. C. Lee
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • F. Lefèvre
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Lenhardt
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • L. Leistam
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Lehnert
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • V. Lenti
    • Sezione INFN
  • H. León
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • I. León Monzón
    • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
  • H. León Vargas
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • P. Lévai
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • X. Li
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • Y. Li
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • R. Lietava
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • S. Lindal
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • V. Lindenstruth
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Lippmann
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. A. Lisa
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • L. Liu
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • V. Loginov
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • S. Lohn
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • X. Lopez
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • M. López Noriega
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • R. López-Ramírez
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • E. López Torres
    • Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
  • G. Løvhøiden
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • A. Lozea Feijo Soares
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • S. Lu
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • M. Lunardon
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • G. Luparello
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • L. Luquin
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • J.-R. Lutz
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
  • K. Ma
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • R. Ma
    • Yale University
  • D. M. Madagodahettige-Don
    • University of Houston
  • A. Maevskaya
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • M. Mager
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • D. P. Mahapatra
    • Institute of Physics
  • A. Maire
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
  • I. Makhlyueva
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Mal’Kevich
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • M. Malaev
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • K. J. Malagalage
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • I. Maldonado Cervantes
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • M. Malek
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • T. Malkiewicz
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • P. Malzacher
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • A. Mamonov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • L. Manceau
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • L. Mangotra
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • V. Manko
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • F. Manso
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • V. Manzari
    • Sezione INFN
  • Y. Mao
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • J. Mareš
    • Institute of PhysicsAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • G. V. Margagliotti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Margotti
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Marín
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • I. Martashvili
    • University of Tennessee
  • P. Martinengo
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. I. Martínez Hernández
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • A. Martínez Davalos
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • G. Martínez García
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • Y. Maruyama
    • Hiroshima University
  • A. Marzari Chiesa
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • S. Masciocchi
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • M. Masera
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Masetti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Masoni
    • Sezione INFN
  • L. Massacrier
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire de LyonUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3
  • M. Mastromarco
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Mastroserio
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • Z. L. Matthews
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. Matyja
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • D. Mayani
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • G. Mazza
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. A. Mazzoni
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Meddi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università ‘La Sapienza’ and Sezione INFN
  • A. Menchaca-Rocha
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • P. Mendez Lorenzo
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Meoni
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Mercado Pérez
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • P. Mereu
    • Sezione INFN
  • Y. Miake
    • University of Tsukuba
  • A. Michalon
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)Université de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3
  • N. Miftakhov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • J. Milosevic
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • F. Minafra
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • A. Mischke
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • D. Miśkowiec
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • C. Mitu
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • K. Mizoguchi
    • Hiroshima University
  • J. Mlynarz
    • Wayne State University
  • B. Mohanty
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • L. Molnar
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • M. M. Mondal
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • L. Montaño Zetina
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • M. Monteno
    • Sezione INFN
  • E. Montes
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • M. Morando
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • S. Moretto
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Morsch
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • T. Moukhanova
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • V. Muccifora
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • E. Mudnic
    • Technical University of Split FESB
  • S. Muhuri
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • H. Müller
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. G. Munhoz
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • J. Munoz
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • L. Musa
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Musso
    • Sezione INFN
  • B. K. Nandi
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • R. Nania
    • Sezione INFN
  • E. Nappi
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Navach
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • S. Navin
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • T. K. Nayak
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • S. Nazarenko
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • G. Nazarov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • A. Nedosekin
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • F. Nendaz
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire de LyonUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3
  • J. Newby
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • A. Nianine
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • M. Nicassio
    • Sezione INFN
  • B. S. Nielsen
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • S. Nikolaev
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • V. Nikolic
    • Rudjer Bošković Institute
  • S. Nikulin
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • V. Nikulin
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • B. S. Nilsen
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • M. S. Nilsson
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • F. Noferini
    • Sezione INFN
  • P. Nomokonov
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • G. Nooren
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • N. Novitzky
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • A. Nyatha
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • C. Nygaard
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • A. Nyiri
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • J. Nystrand
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • A. Ochirov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • G. Odyniec
    • Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeley
  • H. Oeschler
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • M. Oinonen
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • K. Okada
    • University of Tokyo
  • Y. Okada
    • Hiroshima University
  • M. Oldenburg
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Oleniacz
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • C. Oppedisano
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Orsini
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • A. Ortiz Velasquez
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • G. Ortona
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Oskarsson
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • F. Osmic
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • L. Österman
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • P. Ostrowski
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • I. Otterlund
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • J. Otwinowski
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • G. Øvrebekk
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • K. Oyama
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • K. Ozawa
    • University of Tokyo
  • Y. Pachmayer
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • M. Pachr
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • F. Padilla
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • P. Pagano
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • G. Paić
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • F. Painke
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Pajares
    • Departamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAEUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • S. Pal
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • S. K. Pal
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • A. Palaha
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. Palmeri
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. Panse
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • V. Papikyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • G. S. Pappalardo
    • Sezione INFN
  • W. J. Park
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • B. Pastirčák
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • C. Pastore
    • Sezione INFN
  • V. Paticchio
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Pavlinov
    • Wayne State University
  • T. Pawlak
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • T. Peitzmann
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • A. Pepato
    • Sezione INFN
  • H. Pereira
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • D. Peressounko
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • C. Pérez
    • Sección Física, Departamento de CienciasPontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
  • D. Perini
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Perrino
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • W. Peryt
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • J. Peschek
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Pesci
    • Sezione INFN
  • V. Peskov
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Y. Pestov
    • Budker Institute for Nuclear Physics
  • A. J. Peters
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • V. Petráček
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • A. Petridis
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • M. Petris
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • P. Petrov
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • M. Petrovici
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • C. Petta
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Peyré
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Piano
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Piccotti
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Pikna
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • P. Pillot
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • O. Pinazza
    • Sezione INFN
  • L. Pinsky
    • University of Houston
  • N. Pitz
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • F. Piuz
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Platt
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • M. Płoskoń
    • Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeley
  • J. Pluta
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • T. Pocheptsov
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • S. Pochybova
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • P. L. M. Podesta Lerma
    • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
  • F. Poggio
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. G. Poghosyan
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • K. Polák
    • Institute of PhysicsAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • B. Polichtchouk
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • P. Polozov
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • V. Polyakov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • B. Pommeresch
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • A. Pop
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • F. Posa
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • V. Pospíšil
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • B. Potukuchi
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • J. Pouthas
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • S. K. Prasad
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • R. Preghenella
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Prino
    • Sezione INFN
  • C. A. Pruneau
    • Wayne State University
  • I. Pshenichnov
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • G. Puddu
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • P. Pujahari
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • A. Pulvirenti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Punin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • V. Punin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • M. Putiš
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • J. Putschke
    • Yale University
  • E. Quercigh
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Rachevski
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Rademakers
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Radomski
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • T. S. Räihä
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • J. Rak
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • A. Rakotozafindrabe
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • L. Ramello
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • A. Ramírez Reyes
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • M. Rammler
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • R. Raniwala
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Rajasthan
  • S. Raniwala
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Rajasthan
  • S. S. Räsänen
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • I. Rashevskaya
    • Sezione INFN
  • S. Rath
    • Institute of Physics
  • K. F. Read
    • University of Tennessee
  • J. S. Real
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • K. Redlich
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • R. Renfordt
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • A. R. Reolon
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • A. Reshetin
    • Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences
  • F. Rettig
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • J.-P. Revol
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • K. Reygers
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • H. Ricaud
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • L. Riccati
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. A. Ricci
    • Laboratori Nazionali di LegnaroINFN
  • M. Richter
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • P. Riedler
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • W. Riegler
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • F. Riggi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Rivetti
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Rodriguez Cahuantzi
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • K. Røed
    • Faculty of EngineeringBergen University College
  • D. Röhrich
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Román López
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • R. Romita
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • F. Ronchetti
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • P. Rosinský
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Rosnet
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • S. Rossegger
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Rossi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Roukoutakis
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Rousseau
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • C. Roy
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • P. Roy
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • A. J. Rubio-Montero
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • R. Rui
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • I. Rusanov
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Russo
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Ryabinkin
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • A. Rybicki
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • S. Sadovsky
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • K. Šafařík
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Sahoo
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Saini
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • P. Saiz
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Sakata
    • University of Tsukuba
  • C. A. Salgado
    • Departamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAEUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • R. Salgueiro Domingues da Silva
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Salur
    • Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeley
  • T. Samanta
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • S. Sambyal
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • V. Samsonov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • L. Šándor
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • A. Sandoval
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • M. Sano
    • University of Tsukuba
  • S. Sano
    • University of Tokyo
  • R. Santo
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • R. Santoro
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • J. Sarkamo
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • P. Saturnini
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • E. Scapparone
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Scarlassara
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. P. Scharenberg
    • Purdue University
  • C. Schiaua
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • R. Schicker
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • H. Schindler
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Schmidt
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • H. R. Schmidt
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • K. Schossmaier
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Schreiner
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Schuchmann
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • Y. Schutz
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • K. Schwarz
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • K. Schweda
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Scioli
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Scomparin
    • Sezione INFN
  • G. Segato
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • D. Semenov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • S. Senyukov
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • J. Seo
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • S. Serci
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • L. Serkin
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • E. Serradilla
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • A. Sevcenco
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • I. Sgura
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • G. Shabratova
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • R. Shahoyan
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. Sharkov
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • N. Sharma
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • S. Sharma
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • K. Shigaki
    • Hiroshima University
  • M. Shimomura
    • University of Tsukuba
  • K. Shtejer
    • Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
  • Y. Sibiriak
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • M. Siciliano
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Sicking
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • E. Siddi
    • Sezione INFN
  • T. Siemiarczuk
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • A. Silenzi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • D. Silvermyr
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • E. Simili
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • G. Simonetti
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • R. Singaraju
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • R. Singh
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • V. Singhal
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • B. C. Sinha
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • T. Sinha
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • B. Sitar
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • M. Sitta
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • T. B. Skaali
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • K. Skjerdal
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • R. Smakal
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • N. Smirnov
    • Yale University
  • R. Snellings
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • H. Snow
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • C. Søgaard
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • A. Soloviev
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • H. K. Soltveit
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Soltz
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • W. Sommer
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • C. W. Son
    • Pusan National University
  • H. Son
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • M. Song
    • Yonsei University
  • C. Soos
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • F. Soramel
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • D. Soyk
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • M. Spyropoulou-Stassinaki
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • B. K. Srivastava
    • Purdue University
  • J. Stachel
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • F. Staley
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • E. Stan
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • G. Stefanek
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • G. Stefanini
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • T. Steinbeck
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • E. Stenlund
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • G. Steyn
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
  • D. Stocco
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. Stock
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • P. Stolpovsky
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • P. Strmen
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • A. A. P. Suaide
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • M. A. Subieta Vásquez
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • T. Sugitate
    • Hiroshima University
  • C. Suire
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Šumbera
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • T. Susa
    • Rudjer Bošković Institute
  • D. Swoboda
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Symons
    • Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeley
  • A. Szanto de Toledo
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • I. Szarka
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • A. Szostak
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Szuba
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • M. Tadel
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Tagridis
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • A. Takahara
    • University of Tokyo
  • J. Takahashi
    • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
  • R. Tanabe
    • University of Tsukuba
  • D. J. Tapia Takaki
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • H. Taureg
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Tauro
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Tavlet
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. Tejeda Muñoz
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • A. Telesca
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Terrevoli
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • J. Thäder
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Tieulent
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire de LyonUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3
  • D. Tlusty
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • A. Toia
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • T. Tolyhy
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • C. Torcato de Matos
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • H. Torii
    • Hiroshima University
  • G. Torralba
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • L. Toscano
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Tosello
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Tournaire
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • T. Traczyk
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • P. Tribedy
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • G. Tröger
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • D. Truesdale
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • W. H. Trzaska
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • G. Tsiledakis
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • E. Tsilis
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • T. Tsuji
    • University of Tokyo
  • A. Tumkin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • R. Turrisi
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Turvey
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • T. S. Tveter
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • H. Tydesjö
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • K. Tywoniuk
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • J. Ulery
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • K. Ullaland
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • A. Uras
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Urbán
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • G. M. Urciuoli
    • Sezione INFN
  • G. L. Usai
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Vacchi
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Vala
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • L. Valencia Palomo
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • S. Vallero
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • N. van der Kolk
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • P. Vande Vyvre
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. van Leeuwen
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • L. Vannucci
    • Laboratori Nazionali di LegnaroINFN
  • A. Vargas
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • R. Varma
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • A. Vasiliev
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • I. Vassiliev
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • M. Vasileiou
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • V. Vechernin
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • M. Venaruzzo
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Vercellin
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • S. Vergara
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • R. Vernet
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Verweij
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • I. Vetlitskiy
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • L. Vickovic
    • Technical University of Split FESB
  • G. Viesti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • O. Vikhlyantsev
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • Z. Vilakazi
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories
  • O. Villalobos Baillie
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. Vinogradov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • L. Vinogradov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • Y. Vinogradov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • T. Virgili
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • Y. P. Viyogi
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • A. Vodopianov
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • K. Voloshin
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • S. Voloshin
    • Wayne State University
  • G. Volpe
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • B. von Haller
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Vranic
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • J. Vrláková
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • B. Vulpescu
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC)Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3
  • B. Wagner
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • V. Wagner
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • L. Wallet
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Wan
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • D. Wang
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • Y. Wang
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • K. Watanabe
    • University of Tsukuba
  • Q. Wen
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • J. Wessels
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • U. Westerhoff
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • J. Wiechula
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
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    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • A. Wilk
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • G. Wilk
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • M. C. S. Williams
    • Sezione INFN
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    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO)Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Windelband
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Xu
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • C. Yang
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • H. Yang
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • S. Yasnopolskiy
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • F. Yermia
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3
  • J. Yi
    • Pusan National University
  • Z. Yin
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • H. Yokoyama
    • University of Tsukuba
  • I.-K. Yoo
    • Pusan National University
  • X. Yuan
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • V. Yurevich
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • I. Yushmanov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • E. Zabrodin
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Oslo
  • B. Zagreev
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • A. Zalite
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • C. Zampolli
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • Yu. Zanevsky
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • S. Zaporozhets
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • A. Zarochentsev
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • P. Závada
    • Institute of PhysicsAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • H. Zbroszczyk
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • P. Zelnicek
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Zenin
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • A. Zepeda
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • I. Zgura
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • M. Zhalov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • X. Zhang
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • D. Zhou
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • S. Zhou
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • J. Zhu
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • A. Zichichi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Zinchenko
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • G. Zinovjev
    • Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
  • Y. Zoccarato
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire de LyonUniversité de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3
  • V. Zycháček
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • M. Zynovyev
    • Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics

DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1350-2

Abstract

The pseudorapidity density and multiplicity distribution of charged particles produced in proton–proton collisions at the LHC, at a centre-of-mass energy \(\sqrt{s}=7\) TeV, were measured in the central pseudorapidity region |η|<1. Comparisons are made with previous measurements at \(\sqrt{s}=0.9\) TeV and 2.36 TeV. At \(\sqrt{s}=7\) TeV, for events with at least one charged particle in |η|<1, we obtain \(\mathrm{d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm{d}\eta=6.01\pm0.01(\mathrm {stat.})^{+0.20}_{-0.12}(\mathrm{syst.})\). This corresponds to an increase of \(57.6\%\pm0.4\%(\mathrm{stat.})^{+3.6}_{-1.8}\%(\mathrm{syst.})\) relative to collisions at 0.9 TeV, significantly higher than calculations from commonly used models. The multiplicity distribution at 7 TeV is described fairly well by the negative binomial distribution.

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© CERN for the benefit of the ALICE collaboration 2010