The European Physical Journal C

, Volume 68, Issue 1, pp 89–108

Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton–proton collisions at \(\sqrt{s}=0.9\) and 2.36 TeV with ALICE at LHC

Authors

  • The ALICE Collaboration
  • K. Aamodt
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • N. Abel
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • U. Abeysekara
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • A. Abrahantes Quintana
    • Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
  • A. Abramyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • D. Adamová
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • M. M. Aggarwal
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • G. Aglieri Rinella
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. G. Agocs
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • S. Aguilar Salazar
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Z. Ahammed
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • A. Ahmad
    • Department of PhysicsAligarh Muslim University
  • N. Ahmad
    • Department of PhysicsAligarh Muslim University
  • S. U. Ahn
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • R. Akimoto
    • University of Tokyo
  • A. Akindinov
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • D. Aleksandrov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • B. Alessandro
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. Alfaro Molina
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • A. Alici
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Almaráz Aviña
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • J. Alme
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • T. Alt
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • V. Altini
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • S. Altinpinar
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • C. Andrei
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • A. Andronic
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • G. Anelli
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • V. Angelov
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Anson
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • T. Antičić
    • Rudjer Bošković Institute
  • F. Antinori
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Antinori
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • K. Antipin
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • D. Antończyk
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • P. Antonioli
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Anzo
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • L. Aphecetche
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • H. Appelshäuser
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • S. Arcelli
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. Arceo
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • A. Arend
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • N. Armesto
    • Departamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAEUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • R. Arnaldi
    • Sezione INFN
  • T. Aronsson
    • Yale University
  • I. C. Arsene
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • A. Asryan
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • A. Augustinus
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Averbeck
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • T. C. Awes
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • J. Äystö
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • M. D. Azmi
    • Department of PhysicsAligarh Muslim University
  • S. Bablok
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • M. Bach
    • Frankfurt Institute for Advanced StudiesJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • A. Badalà
    • Sezione INFN
  • Y. W. Baek
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • S. Bagnasco
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. Bailhache
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • R. Bala
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Baldisseri
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • A. Baldit
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • J. Bán
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • R. Barbera
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • G. G. Barnaföldi
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • L. Barnby
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • V. Barret
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • J. Bartke
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • F. Barile
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • M. Basile
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • V. Basmanov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • N. Bastid
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Bathen
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • G. Batigne
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Batyunya
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • C. Baumann
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • I. G. Bearden
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • B. Becker
    • Sezione INFN
  • I. Belikov
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • R. Bellwied
    • Wayne State University
  • E. Belmont-Moreno
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • A. Belogianni
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • L. Benhabib
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Beole
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • I. Berceanu
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • A. Bercuci
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • E. Berdermann
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • Y. Berdnikov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • L. Betev
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Bhasin
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • A. K. Bhati
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • L. Bianchi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • N. Bianchi
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • C. Bianchin
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Bielčík
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • J. Bielčíková
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • A. Bilandzic
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • L. Bimbot
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • E. Biolcati
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Blanc
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • F. Blanco
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Blanco
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • D. Blau
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • C. Blume
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • M. Boccioli
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • N. Bock
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • A. Bogdanov
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • H. Bøggild
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • M. Bogolyubsky
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • J. Bohm
    • Yonsei University
  • L. Boldizsár
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • M. Bombara
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • C. Bombonati
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Bondila
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • H. Borel
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • V. Borshchov
    • Scientific Research Technological Institute of Instrument Engineering
  • A. Borisov
    • Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
  • C. Bortolin
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • S. Bose
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • L. Bosisio
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Bossú
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Botje
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • S. Böttger
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Bourdaud
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Boyer
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Braun
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • P. Braun-Munzinger
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • L. Bravina
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • M. Bregant
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • T. Breitner
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Bruckner
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Brun
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • E. Bruna
    • Yale University
  • G. E. Bruno
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • D. Budnikov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • H. Buesching
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • P. Buncic
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • O. Busch
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • Z. Buthelezi
    • Physics Department, iThemba LaboratoriesUniversity of Cape Town
  • D. Caffarri
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • X. Cai
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • H. Caines
    • Yale University
  • E. Camacho
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • P. Camerini
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Campbell
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • V. Canoa Roman
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. P. Capitani
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • G. Cara Romeo
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Carena
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • W. Carena
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • F. Carminati
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Casanova Díaz
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • M. Caselle
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Castillo Castellanos
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • J. F. Castillo Hernandez
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • V. Catanescu
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • E. Cattaruzza
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • C. Cavicchioli
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Cerello
    • Sezione INFN
  • V. Chambert
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Chang
    • Yonsei University
  • S. Chapeland
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Charpy
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • J. L. Charvet
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • S. Chattopadhyay
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • S. Chattopadhyay
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • M. Cherney
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • C. Cheshkov
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • B. Cheynis
    • Université de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
  • E. Chiavassa
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • V. Chibante Barroso
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. D. Chinellato
    • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
  • P. Chochula
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • K. Choi
    • Pusan National University
  • M. Chojnacki
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • P. Christakoglou
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • C. H. Christensen
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • P. Christiansen
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • T. Chujo
    • University of Tsukuba
  • F. Chuman
    • Hiroshima University
  • C. Cicalo
    • Sezione INFN
  • L. Cifarelli
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Cindolo
    • Sezione INFN
  • J. Cleymans
    • Physics Department, iThemba LaboratoriesUniversity of Cape Town
  • O. Cobanoglu
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J.-P. Coffin
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Coli
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Colla
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. Conesa Balbastre
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • Z. Conesa del Valle
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • E. S. Conner
    • Zentrum für Technologietransfer und Telekommunikation (ZTT)Fachhochschule Worms
  • P. Constantin
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Contin
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. G. Contreras
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • Y. Corrales Morales
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • T. M. Cormier
    • Wayne State University
  • P. Cortese
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • I. Cortés Maldonado
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • M. R. Cosentino
    • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
  • F. Costa
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. E. Cotallo
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • E. Crescio
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • P. Crochet
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • E. Cuautle
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • L. Cunqueiro
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • J. Cussonneau
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • A. Dainese
    • Sezione INFN
  • H. H. Dalsgaard
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • A. Danu
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • I. Das
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • S. Das
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • A. Dash
    • Institute of Physics
  • S. Dash
    • Institute of Physics
  • G. O. V. de Barros
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • A. De Caro
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • G. de Cataldo
    • Sezione INFN
  • J. de Cuveland
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. De Falco
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. De Gaspari
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • J. de Groot
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. De Gruttola
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • N. De Marco
    • Sezione INFN
  • S. De Pasquale
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. De Remigis
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. de Rooij
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • G. de Vaux
    • Physics Department, iThemba LaboratoriesUniversity of Cape Town
  • H. Delagrange
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • G. Dellacasa
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • A. Deloff
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • V. Demanov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • E. Dénes
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • A. Deppman
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • G. D’Erasmo
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • D. Derkach
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • A. Devaux
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • D. Di Bari
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • C. Di Giglio
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • S. Di Liberto
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Di Mauro
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Di Nezza
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • M. Dialinas
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • L. Díaz
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • R. Díaz
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • T. Dietel
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • R. Divià
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • Ø. Djuvsland
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • V. Dobretsov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • A. Dobrin
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • T. Dobrowolski
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • B. Dönigus
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • I. Domínguez
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • D. M. M. Don
    • University of Houston
  • O. Dordic
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • A. K. Dubey
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • J. Dubuisson
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • L. Ducroux
    • Université de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
  • P. Dupieux
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • A. K. Dutta Majumdar
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • M. R. Dutta Majumdar
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • D. Elia
    • Sezione INFN
  • D. Emschermann
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Enokizono
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • B. Espagnon
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Estienne
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Esumi
    • University of Tsukuba
  • D. Evans
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • S. Evrard
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. Eyyubova
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • C. W. Fabjan
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Fabris
    • Sezione INFN
  • J. Faivre
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph FourierCNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • D. Falchieri
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Fantoni
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • M. Fasel
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • O. Fateev
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • R. Fearick
    • Physics Department, iThemba LaboratoriesUniversity of Cape Town
  • A. Fedunov
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • D. Fehlker
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • V. Fekete
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • D. Felea
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • B. Fenton-Olsen
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • G. Feofilov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • A. Fernández Téllez
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • E. G. Ferreiro
    • Departamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAEUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • A. Ferretti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. Ferretti
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • M. A. S. Figueredo
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • S. Filchagin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • R. Fini
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. M. Fionda
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • E. M. Fiore
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • M. Floris
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • Z. Fodor
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • S. Foertsch
    • Physics Department, iThemba LaboratoriesUniversity of Cape Town
  • P. Foka
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • S. Fokin
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • F. Formenti
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • E. Fragiacomo
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Fragkiadakis
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • U. Frankenfeld
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • A. Frolov
    • Budker Institute for Nuclear Physics
  • U. Fuchs
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • F. Furano
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Furget
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph FourierCNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • M. Fusco Girard
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. J. Gaardhøje
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • S. Gadrat
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph FourierCNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • M. Gagliardi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Gago
    • Sección Física, Departamento de CienciasPontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
  • M. Gallio
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • P. Ganoti
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • M. S. Ganti
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • C. Garabatos
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • C. García Trapaga
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Gebelein
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Gemme
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • M. Germain
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • A. Gheata
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Gheata
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • B. Ghidini
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • P. Ghosh
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • G. Giraudo
    • Sezione INFN
  • P. Giubellino
    • Sezione INFN
  • E. Gladysz-Dziadus
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • R. Glasow
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • P. Glässel
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Glenn
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • R. Gómez Jiménez
    • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
  • H. González Santos
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • L. H. González-Trueba
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • P. González-Zamora
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • S. Gorbunov
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • Y. Gorbunov
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • S. Gotovac
    • Technical University of Split FESB
  • H. Gottschlag
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • V. Grabski
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • R. Grajcarek
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Grelli
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • A. Grigoras
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Grigoras
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • V. Grigoriev
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • A. Grigoryan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • S. Grigoryan
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • B. Grinyov
    • Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
  • N. Grion
    • Sezione INFN
  • P. Gros
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • J. F. Grosse-Oetringhaus
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J.-Y. Grossiord
    • Université de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
  • R. Grosso
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Guber
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • R. Guernane
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph FourierCNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • B. Guerzoni
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • K. Gulbrandsen
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • H. Gulkanyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • T. Gunji
    • University of Tokyo
  • A. Gupta
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • R. Gupta
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • H.-A. Gustafsson
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • H. Gutbrod
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • Ø. Haaland
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • C. Hadjidakis
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Haiduc
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • H. Hamagaki
    • University of Tokyo
  • G. Hamar
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • J. Hamblen
    • University of Tennessee
  • B. H. Han
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • J. W. Harris
    • Yale University
  • M. Hartig
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • A. Harutyunyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • D. Hasch
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • D. Hasegan
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • D. Hatzifotiadou
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Hayrapetyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • M. Heide
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • M. Heinz
    • Yale University
  • H. Helstrup
    • Faculty of EngineeringBergen University College
  • A. Herghelegiu
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • C. Hernández
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • G. Herrera Corral
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • N. Herrmann
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • K. F. Hetland
    • Faculty of EngineeringBergen University College
  • B. Hicks
    • Yale University
  • A. Hiei
    • Hiroshima University
  • P. T. Hille
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • B. Hippolyte
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • T. Horaguchi
    • Hiroshima University
  • Y. Hori
    • University of Tokyo
  • P. Hristov
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • I. Hřivnáčová
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Hu
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • M. Huang
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • S. Huber
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • T. J. Humanic
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • D. Hutter
    • Frankfurt Institute for Advanced StudiesJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • D. S. Hwang
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • R. Ichou
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • R. Ilkaev
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • I. Ilkiv
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • M. Inaba
    • University of Tsukuba
  • P. G. Innocenti
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Ippolitov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • M. Irfan
    • Department of PhysicsAligarh Muslim University
  • C. Ivan
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • A. Ivanov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • M. Ivanov
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • V. Ivanov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • T. Iwasaki
    • Hiroshima University
  • A. Jachołkowski
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Jacobs
    • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • L. Jančurová
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • S. Jangal
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • R. Janik
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • C. Jena
    • Institute of Physics
  • S. Jena
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • L. Jirden
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. T. Jones
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • P. G. Jones
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • P. Jovanović
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • H. Jung
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • W. Jung
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • A. Jusko
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. B. Kaidalov
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • S. Kalcher
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • P. Kaliňák
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • M. Kalisky
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • T. Kalliokoski
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • A. Kalweit
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • A. Kamal
    • Department of PhysicsAligarh Muslim University
  • R. Kamermans
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • K. Kanaki
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • E. Kang
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • J. H. Kang
    • Yonsei University
  • J. Kapitan
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • V. Kaplin
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • S. Kapusta
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • O. Karavichev
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • T. Karavicheva
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • E. Karpechev
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • A. Kazantsev
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • U. Kebschull
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Keidel
    • Zentrum für Technologietransfer und Telekommunikation (ZTT)Fachhochschule Worms
  • M. M. Khan
    • Department of PhysicsAligarh Muslim University
  • S. A. Khan
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • A. Khanzadeev
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • Y. Kharlov
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • D. Kikola
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • B. Kileng
    • Faculty of EngineeringBergen University College
  • D. J. Kim
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • D. S. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • D. W. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • H. N. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • J. Kim
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • J. H. Kim
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • J. S. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • M. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • M. Kim
    • Yonsei University
  • S. H. Kim
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • S. Kim
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • Y. Kim
    • Yonsei University
  • S. Kirsch
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • I. Kisel
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • S. Kiselev
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • A. Kisiel
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • J. L. Klay
    • California Polytechnic State University
  • J. Klein
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Klein-Bösing
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Kliemant
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • A. Klovning
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • A. Kluge
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Kniege
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • K. Koch
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Kolevatov
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • A. Kolojvari
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • V. Kondratiev
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • N. Kondratyeva
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • A. Konevskih
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • E. Kornaś
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • R. Kour
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • M. Kowalski
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • S. Kox
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph FourierCNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • K. Kozlov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • J. Kral
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • I. Králik
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • F. Kramer
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • I. Kraus
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • A. Kravčáková
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • T. Krawutschke
    • Fachhochschule Köln
  • M. Krivda
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • D. Krumbhorn
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • M. Krus
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • E. Kryshen
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • M. Krzewicki
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • Y. Kucheriaev
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • C. Kuhn
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • P. G. Kuijer
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • L. Kumar
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • N. Kumar
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • R. Kupczak
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • P. Kurashvili
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • A. Kurepin
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • A. N. Kurepin
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • A. Kuryakin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • S. Kushpil
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • V. Kushpil
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • M. Kutouski
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • H. Kvaerno
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • M. J. Kweon
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • Y. Kwon
    • Yonsei University
  • P. La Rocca
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Lackner
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Ladrón de Guevara
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • V. Lafage
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • C. Lal
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • C. Lara
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • D. T. Larsen
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • G. Laurenti
    • Sezione INFN
  • C. Lazzeroni
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • Y. Le Bornec
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • N. Le Bris
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • H. Lee
    • Pusan National University
  • K. S. Lee
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • S. C. Lee
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • F. Lefèvre
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Lenhardt
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • L. Leistam
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Lehnert
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • V. Lenti
    • Sezione INFN
  • H. León
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • I. León Monzón
    • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
  • H. León Vargas
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • P. Lévai
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • X. Li
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • Y. Li
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • R. Lietava
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • S. Lindal
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • V. Lindenstruth
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Lippmann
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. A. Lisa
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • O. Listratenko
    • Scientific Research Technological Institute of Instrument Engineering
  • L. Liu
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • V. Loginov
    • Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  • S. Lohn
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • X. Lopez
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • M. López Noriega
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • R. López-Ramírez
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • E. López Torres
    • Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
  • G. Løvhøiden
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • A. Lozea Feijo Soares
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • S. Lu
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • M. Lunardon
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • G. Luparello
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • L. Luquin
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • J.-R. Lutz
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • K. Ma
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • R. Ma
    • Yale University
  • D. M. Madagodahettige-Don
    • University of Houston
  • A. Maevskaya
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • M. Mager
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • D. P. Mahapatra
    • Institute of Physics
  • A. Maire
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • I. Makhlyueva
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Mal’Kevich
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • M. Malaev
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • K. J. Malagalage
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • I. Maldonado Cervantes
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • M. Malek
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • T. Malkiewicz
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • P. Malzacher
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • A. Mamonov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • L. Manceau
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • L. Mangotra
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • V. Manko
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • F. Manso
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • V. Manzari
    • Sezione INFN
  • Y. Mao
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • J. Mareš
    • Institute of PhysicsAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • G. V. Margagliotti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Margotti
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Marín
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • I. Martashvili
    • University of Tennessee
  • P. Martinengo
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. I. Martínez Hernández
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • A. Martínez Davalos
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • G. Martínez García
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • Y. Maruyama
    • Hiroshima University
  • A. Marzari Chiesa
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • S. Masciocchi
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • M. Masera
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Masetti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Masoni
    • Sezione INFN
  • L. Massacrier
    • Université de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
  • M. Mastromarco
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Mastroserio
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • Z. L. Matthews
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. Matyja
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • D. Mayani
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • G. Mazza
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. A. Mazzoni
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Meddi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università ‘La Sapienza’ and Sezione INFN
  • A. Menchaca-Rocha
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • P. Mendez Lorenzo
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Meoni
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Mercado Pérez
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • P. Mereu
    • Sezione INFN
  • Y. Miake
    • University of Tsukuba
  • A. Michalon
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • N. Miftakhov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • J. Milosevic
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • F. Minafra
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • A. Mischke
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • D. Miśkowiec
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • C. Mitu
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • K. Mizoguchi
    • Hiroshima University
  • J. Mlynarz
    • Wayne State University
  • B. Mohanty
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • L. Molnar
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • M. M. Mondal
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • L. Montaño Zetina
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • M. Monteno
    • Sezione INFN
  • E. Montes
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • M. Morando
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • S. Moretto
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Morsch
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • T. Moukhanova
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • V. Muccifora
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • E. Mudnic
    • Technical University of Split FESB
  • S. Muhuri
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • H. Müller
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. G. Munhoz
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • J. Munoz
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • L. Musa
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Musso
    • Sezione INFN
  • B. K. Nandi
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • R. Nania
    • Sezione INFN
  • E. Nappi
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Navach
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • S. Navin
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • T. K. Nayak
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • S. Nazarenko
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • G. Nazarov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • A. Nedosekin
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • F. Nendaz
    • Université de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
  • J. Newby
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • A. Nianine
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • M. Nicassio
    • Sezione INFN
  • B. S. Nielsen
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • S. Nikolaev
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • V. Nikolic
    • Rudjer Bošković Institute
  • S. Nikulin
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • V. Nikulin
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • B. S. Nilsen
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • M. S. Nilsson
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • F. Noferini
    • Sezione INFN
  • P. Nomokonov
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • G. Nooren
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • N. Novitzky
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • A. Nyatha
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • C. Nygaard
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • A. Nyiri
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • J. Nystrand
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • A. Ochirov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • G. Odyniec
    • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • H. Oeschler
    • Institut für KernphysikTechnische Universität Darmstadt
  • M. Oinonen
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • K. Okada
    • University of Tokyo
  • Y. Okada
    • Hiroshima University
  • M. Oldenburg
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Oleniacz
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • C. Oppedisano
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Orsini
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • A. Ortiz Velasquez
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • G. Ortona
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Oskarsson
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • F. Osmic
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • L. Österman
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • P. Ostrowski
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • I. Otterlund
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • J. Otwinowski
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • G. Øvrebekk
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • K. Oyama
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • K. Ozawa
    • University of Tokyo
  • Y. Pachmayer
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • M. Pachr
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • F. Padilla
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • P. Pagano
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • G. Paić
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • F. Painke
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Pajares
    • Departamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAEUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • S. Pal
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • S. K. Pal
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • A. Palaha
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. Palmeri
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. Panse
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • V. Papikyan
    • Yerevan Physics Institute
  • G. S. Pappalardo
    • Sezione INFN
  • W. J. Park
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • B. Pastirčák
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • C. Pastore
    • Sezione INFN
  • V. Paticchio
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Pavlinov
    • Wayne State University
  • T. Pawlak
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • T. Peitzmann
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • A. Pepato
    • Sezione INFN
  • H. Pereira
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • D. Peressounko
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • C. Pérez
    • Sección Física, Departamento de CienciasPontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
  • D. Perini
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Perrino
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • W. Peryt
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • J. Peschek
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Pesci
    • Sezione INFN
  • V. Peskov
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Y. Pestov
    • Budker Institute for Nuclear Physics
  • A. J. Peters
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • V. Petráček
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • A. Petridis
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • M. Petris
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • P. Petrov
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • M. Petrovici
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • C. Petta
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Peyré
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Piano
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Piccotti
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Pikna
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • P. Pillot
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • O. Pinazza
    • Sezione INFN
  • L. Pinsky
    • University of Houston
  • N. Pitz
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • F. Piuz
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Platt
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • M. Płoskoń
    • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • J. Pluta
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • T. Pocheptsov
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • S. Pochybova
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • P. L. M. Podesta Lerma
    • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
  • F. Poggio
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. G. Poghosyan
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • K. Polák
    • Institute of PhysicsAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • B. Polichtchouk
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • P. Polozov
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • V. Polyakov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • B. Pommeresch
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • A. Pop
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • F. Posa
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • V. Pospíšil
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • B. Potukuchi
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • J. Pouthas
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • S. K. Prasad
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • R. Preghenella
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Prino
    • Sezione INFN
  • C. A. Pruneau
    • Wayne State University
  • I. Pshenichnov
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • G. Puddu
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • P. Pujahari
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • A. Pulvirenti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Punin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • V. Punin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • M. Putiš
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • J. Putschke
    • Yale University
  • E. Quercigh
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Rachevski
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Rademakers
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Radomski
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • T. S. Räihä
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • J. Rak
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • A. Rakotozafindrabe
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • L. Ramello
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • A. Ramírez Reyes
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • M. Rammler
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • R. Raniwala
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Rajasthan
  • S. Raniwala
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Rajasthan
  • S. S. Räsänen
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • I. Rashevskaya
    • Sezione INFN
  • S. Rath
    • Institute of Physics
  • K. F. Read
    • University of Tennessee
  • J. S. Real
    • Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Joseph FourierCNRS-IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble
  • K. Redlich
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • R. Renfordt
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • A. R. Reolon
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • A. Reshetin
    • Institute for Nuclear ResearchAcademy of Sciences
  • F. Rettig
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • J.-P. Revol
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • K. Reygers
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • H. Ricaud
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Université de StrasbourgCNRS-IN2P3
  • L. Riccati
    • Sezione INFN
  • R. A. Ricci
    • Laboratori Nazionali di LegnaroINFN
  • M. Richter
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • P. Riedler
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • W. Riegler
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • F. Riggi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Rivetti
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Rodriguez Cahuantzi
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • K. Røed
    • Faculty of EngineeringBergen University College
  • D. Röhrich
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Román López
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • R. Romita
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • F. Ronchetti
    • Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFN
  • P. Rosinský
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • P. Rosnet
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • S. Rossegger
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Rossi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • F. Roukoutakis
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Rousseau
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • C. Roy
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • P. Roy
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • A. J. Rubio-Montero
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • R. Rui
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • I. Rusanov
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Russo
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Ryabinkin
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • A. Rybicki
    • The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear PhysicsPolish Academy of Sciences
  • S. Sadovsky
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • K. Šafařík
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Sahoo
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Saini
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • P. Saiz
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Sakata
    • University of Tsukuba
  • C. A. Salgado
    • Departamento de Física de Partículas and IGFAEUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • R. Salgueiro Domingues da Silva
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Salur
    • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • T. Samanta
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • S. Sambyal
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • V. Samsonov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • L. Šándor
    • Institute of Experimental PhysicsSlovak Academy of Sciences
  • A. Sandoval
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • M. Sano
    • University of Tsukuba
  • S. Sano
    • University of Tokyo
  • R. Santo
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • R. Santoro
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • J. Sarkamo
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • P. Saturnini
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • E. Scapparone
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Scarlassara
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. P. Scharenberg
    • Purdue University
  • C. Schiaua
    • National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering
  • R. Schicker
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • H. Schindler
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Schmidt
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • H. R. Schmidt
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • K. Schossmaier
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Schreiner
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • S. Schuchmann
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • Y. Schutz
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • K. Schwarz
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • K. Schweda
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • G. Scioli
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Scomparin
    • Sezione INFN
  • G. Segato
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • D. Semenov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • S. Senyukov
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • J. Seo
    • Gangneung-Wonju National University
  • S. Serci
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • L. Serkin
    • Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • E. Serradilla
    • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • A. Sevcenco
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • I. Sgura
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • G. Shabratova
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • R. Shahoyan
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. Sharkov
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • N. Sharma
    • Physics DepartmentPanjab University
  • S. Sharma
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • K. Shigaki
    • Hiroshima University
  • M. Shimomura
    • University of Tsukuba
  • K. Shtejer
    • Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN)
  • Y. Sibiriak
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • M. Siciliano
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Sicking
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • E. Siddi
    • Sezione INFN
  • T. Siemiarczuk
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • A. Silenzi
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • D. Silvermyr
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • E. Simili
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • G. Simonetti
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • R. Singaraju
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • R. Singh
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Jammu
  • V. Singhal
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • B. C. Sinha
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • T. Sinha
    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • B. Sitar
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • M. Sitta
    • Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Università del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN
  • T. B. Skaali
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • K. Skjerdal
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • R. Smakal
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • N. Smirnov
    • Yale University
  • R. Snellings
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • H. Snow
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • C. Søgaard
    • Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of Copenhagen
  • A. Soloviev
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • H. K. Soltveit
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Soltz
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • W. Sommer
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • C. W. Son
    • Pusan National University
  • H. Son
    • Department of PhysicsSejong University
  • M. Song
    • Yonsei University
  • C. Soos
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • F. Soramel
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • D. Soyk
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • M. Spyropoulou-Stassinaki
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • B. K. Srivastava
    • Purdue University
  • J. Stachel
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • F. Staley
    • Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueIRFU
  • E. Stan
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • G. Stefanek
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • G. Stefanini
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • T. Steinbeck
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • E. Stenlund
    • Division of Experimental High Energy PhysicsUniversity of Lund
  • G. Steyn
    • Physics Department, iThemba LaboratoriesUniversity of Cape Town
  • D. Stocco
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • R. Stock
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • P. Stolpovsky
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • P. Strmen
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • A. A. P. Suaide
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • M. A. Subieta Vásquez
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • T. Sugitate
    • Hiroshima University
  • C. Suire
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • M. Šumbera
    • Nuclear Physics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • T. Susa
    • Rudjer Bošković Institute
  • D. Swoboda
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • J. Symons
    • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • A. Szanto de Toledo
    • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • I. Szarka
    • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius University
  • A. Szostak
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Szuba
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • M. Tadel
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Tagridis
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • A. Takahara
    • University of Tokyo
  • J. Takahashi
    • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
  • R. Tanabe
    • University of Tsukuba
  • D. J. Tapia Takaki
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • H. Taureg
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • A. Tauro
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. Tavlet
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • G. Tejeda Muñoz
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • A. Telesca
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • C. Terrevoli
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • J. Thäder
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • R. Tieulent
    • Université de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
  • D. Tlusty
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • A. Toia
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • T. Tolyhy
    • KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsHungarian Academy of Sciences
  • C. Torcato de Matos
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • H. Torii
    • Hiroshima University
  • G. Torralba
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • L. Toscano
    • Sezione INFN
  • F. Tosello
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Tournaire
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • T. Traczyk
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • P. Tribedy
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • G. Tröger
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • D. Truesdale
    • Department of PhysicsOhio State University
  • W. H. Trzaska
    • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyväskylä
  • G. Tsiledakis
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • E. Tsilis
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • T. Tsuji
    • University of Tokyo
  • A. Tumkin
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • R. Turrisi
    • Sezione INFN
  • A. Turvey
    • Physics DepartmentCreighton University
  • T. S. Tveter
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • H. Tydesjö
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • K. Tywoniuk
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • J. Ulery
    • Institut für KernphysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
  • K. Ullaland
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • A. Uras
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • J. Urbán
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • G. M. Urciuoli
    • Sezione INFN
  • G. L. Usai
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • A. Vacchi
    • Sezione INFN
  • M. Vala
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • L. Valencia Palomo
    • Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • S. Vallero
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • N. van der Kolk
    • National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF)
  • P. Vande Vyvre
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • M. van Leeuwen
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • L. Vannucci
    • Laboratori Nazionali di LegnaroINFN
  • A. Vargas
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • R. Varma
    • Indian Institute of Technology
  • A. Vasiliev
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • I. Vassiliev
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • M. Vasileiou
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of Athens
  • V. Vechernin
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • M. Venaruzzo
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • E. Vercellin
    • Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • S. Vergara
    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • R. Vernet
    • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • M. Verweij
    • Institute for Subatomic PhysicsUtrecht University
  • I. Vetlitskiy
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • L. Vickovic
    • Technical University of Split FESB
  • G. Viesti
    • Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • O. Vikhlyantsev
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • Z. Vilakazi
    • Physics Department, iThemba LaboratoriesUniversity of Cape Town
  • O. Villalobos Baillie
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. Vinogradov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • L. Vinogradov
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • Y. Vinogradov
    • Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF)
  • T. Virgili
    • Dipartimento di Fisica ‘E.R. Caianiello’ dell’Università and Sezione INFN
  • Y. P. Viyogi
    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • A. Vodopianov
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • K. Voloshin
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • S. Voloshin
    • Wayne State University
  • G. Volpe
    • Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN
  • B. von Haller
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • D. Vranic
    • Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
  • J. Vrláková
    • Faculty of ScienceP.J. Šafárik University
  • B. Vulpescu
    • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Wagner
    • Department of Physics and TechnologyUniversity of Bergen
  • V. Wagner
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • L. Wallet
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • R. Wan
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • D. Wang
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • Y. Wang
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • K. Watanabe
    • University of Tsukuba
  • Q. Wen
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • J. Wessels
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • U. Westerhoff
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • J. Wiechula
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • J. Wikne
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • A. Wilk
    • Institut für KernphysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
  • G. Wilk
    • Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies
  • M. C. S. Williams
    • Sezione INFN
  • N. Willis
    • Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-SudCNRS-IN2P3
  • B. Windelband
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • C. Xu
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • C. Yang
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • H. Yang
    • Physikalisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • S. Yasnopolskiy
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • F. Yermia
    • SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Université de NantesCNRS-IN2P3
  • J. Yi
    • Pusan National University
  • Z. Yin
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • H. Yokoyama
    • University of Tsukuba
  • I.-K. Yoo
    • Pusan National University
  • X. Yuan
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • V. Yurevich
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • I. Yushmanov
    • Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute
  • E. Zabrodin
    • Department of PhysicseUniversity of Oslo
  • B. Zagreev
    • Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
  • A. Zalite
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • C. Zampolli
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • Yu. Zanevsky
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • S. Zaporozhets
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • A. Zarochentsev
    • V. Fock Institute for PhysicsSt. Petersburg State University
  • P. Závada
    • Institute of PhysicsAcademy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • H. Zbroszczyk
    • Warsaw University of Technology
  • P. Zelnicek
    • Kirchhoff-Institut für PhysikRuprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
  • A. Zenin
    • Institute for High Energy Physics
  • A. Zepeda
    • Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV)
  • I. Zgura
    • Institute of Space Sciences (ISS)
  • M. Zhalov
    • Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute
  • X. Zhang
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • D. Zhou
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • S. Zhou
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • J. Zhu
    • Hua-Zhong Normal University
  • A. Zichichi
    • School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Birmingham
  • A. Zinchenko
    • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)
  • G. Zinovjev
    • Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
  • Y. Zoccarato
    • Université de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
  • V. Zycháček
    • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • M. Zynovyev
    • Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics

DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1339-x

Abstract

Charged-particle production was studied in proton–proton collisions collected at the LHC with the ALICE detector at centre-of-mass energies 0.9 TeV and 2.36 TeV in the pseudorapidity range |η|<1.4. In the central region (|η|<0.5), at 0.9 TeV, we measure charged-particle pseudorapidity density \(\mathrm{d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm{d}\eta=3.02\pm 0.01(\mathit{stat.})^{+0.08}_{-0.05}(\mathit{syst.})\) for inelastic interactions, and \(\mathrm{d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm{d}\eta=3.58\pm0.01(\mathit{stat.})^{+0.12}_{-0.12}(\mathit{syst.})\) for non-single-diffractive interactions. At 2.36 TeV, we find \(\mathrm{d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm{d}\eta=3.77\pm0.01(\mathit{stat.})^{+0.25}_{-0.12}(\mathit{syst.})\) for inelastic, and \(\mathrm{d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm{d}\eta=4.43\pm0.01(\mathit{stat.})^{+0.17}_{-0.12}(\mathit{syst.})\) for non-single-diffractive collisions. The relative increase in charged-particle multiplicity from the lower to higher energy is \(24.7\%\pm0.5\%(\mathit{stat.})^{+5.7}_{-2.8}\%(\mathit{syst.})\) for inelastic and \(23.7\%\pm0.5\%(\mathit{stat.})^{+4.6}_{-1.1}\%(\mathit{syst.})\) for non-single-diffractive interactions. This increase is consistent with that reported by the CMS collaboration for non-single-diffractive events and larger than that found by a number of commonly used models. The multiplicity distribution was measured in different pseudorapidity intervals and studied in terms of KNO variables at both energies. The results are compared to proton–antiproton data and to model predictions.

Copyright information

© CERN for the benefit of the ALICE collaboration 2010