Hund’s rule in the two-electron quantum dot
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- Katriel, J. & Montgomery, H. Eur. Phys. J. B (2012) 85: 394. doi:10.1140/epjb/e2012-30589-8
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Hund’s rule, specifying that in an open shell configuration the state of higher total spin has a lower energy, is also applicable to few-electron quantum dots. However, the relative contributions of the different energetic components behave in a qualitatively distinct way. This is accounted for by application of the virial theorem.