Regular Article

The European Physical Journal Plus

, 129:31

First online:

Interacting Ricci dark energy in scalar Gauss-Bonnet gravity

  • Surajit ChattopadhyayAffiliated withPailan College of Management and Technology Email author 
  • , Antonio PasquaAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Trieste
  • , Ayman A. AlyAffiliated withDepartment of physics, Damnhour University

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This paper reports a study on the cosmological application of interacting Ricci Dark Energy (RDE) density in the scalar Gauss-Bonnet framework. The interacting holographic RDE model has been employed to obtain the equation of state (EoS) in a spatially flat universe. The main results of this paper are that the reconstructed potential of scalar Gauss-Bonnet gravity for the interacting RDE model decays with the evolution of the universe. However, it is an increasing function of the scalar field \( \phi\) . Both the strong and weak energy conditions are violated. A phantom-like behavior of the EoS parameter has been obtained. The effective EoS parameter \( \omega_{eff}\) stays below -1 but tends to -1 with the evolution of the universe. However, it cannot cross the phantom boundary. Finally, the interacting RDE model in Gauss-Bonnet gravity gives accelerated expansion of the universe.