The European Physical Journal E

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 79-89

First online:

Blobs, channels and “cigars”: Morphologies of liquids at a step

  • M. BrinkmannAffiliated withInterdisciplinary Research Institute
  • , R. BlosseyAffiliated withInterdisciplinary Research Institute Email author 

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We have studied the equilibria of liquid droplets wetting a step edge with an opening angle \(0 < \alpha < \pi\) by a combination of analytical and numerical methods. Depending on the wetting properties of the substrate walls and on the liquid volume, different locally or globally stable liquid morphologies are found. Complete spreading of the liquid along the bottom edge of the step is observed at equilibrium contact angles \(\theta\) satisfying \(\theta < \theta_s = \frac{\pi}{2}-\frac{\alpha}{2}\). If the contact angle \(\theta\) exceeds a threshold value \(\theta_b\) the liquid exists in a blob-like configuration. Surprisingly, we find an intermediate regime at a sufficiently high liquid volume and in a range of contact angles \(\theta_s < \theta < \theta_b\), in which “cigar”-shaped configurations arise in addition to the blob. We close the paper by a detailed discussion of the stability of this novel liquid morphology.