The European Physical Journal D

, 68:195

High-order harmonic generation at high laser intensities beyond the tunnel regime


    • Centro de Láseres Pulsados (CLPU)
  • Marcelo F. Ciappina
    • Department of PhysicsAuburn University
  • Maciej Lewenstein
    • ICFO-Institut de Ciències Fotòniques
    • ICREA-Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats
  • Amelle Zaïr
    • Department of Physics, Blackett LaboratoryImperial College London
  • Luis Roso
    • Centro de Láseres Pulsados (CLPU)
Regular Article

DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2014-50086-6

Cite this article as:
Pérez-Hernández, J.A., Ciappina, M.F., Lewenstein, M. et al. Eur. Phys. J. D (2014) 68: 195. doi:10.1140/epjd/e2014-50086-6
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical issue: X-ray Generation from Ultrafast Lasers


We present studies of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) at laser intensities well above saturation. We use driving laser pulses which present a particular electron dynamics in the turn-on stage. Our results predict an increasing on the harmonic yield, after an initial dropping, when the laser intensity is increased. This fact contradicts the general belief of a progressive degradation of the harmonic emission at ultrahigh intensities. We have identified a particular set of trajectories which emerges in the turn-on stage of these singular laser pulses, responsible of the unexpected growth on the harmonic efficiency at this high intensity regime. Our study combines two complementary approaches: classical analysis and full quantum mechanical calculations resulting from the numerical integration of the 3-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger equation complemented with the time-frequency analysis.

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© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014