Cold Matter and Quantum Gases

The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 235-240

First online:

Stability of a fully polarized ultracold Fermi gas near zero-crossing of a p-wave Feshbach resonance

  • N. T. ZinnerAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Harvard University Email author 

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We consider a fully polarized ultracold Fermi gas interacting through a p-wave Feshbach resonance. Using a two-channel model, we find the effective potential at the point where the p-wave scattering length goes to zero. Here the effective interaction provides attraction and one can therefore ask about the stability of the system. We calculate the energy density of the system in the Thomas-Fermi approximation, determine the profile of the gas, and the critical number of particle in the system as function of the relevant interaction parameters. The instability can be inferred from a simple breathing mode argument which explains the scaling found numerically. The critical particle number turns out to be extremely large unless the external confinement is very tight. We therefore conclude that the effect is insignificant for standard trapping potentials and that the magnetic dipole interaction is the important term at zero scattering length. However, for tight confinement as in an optical lattice higher-order corrections can become important.