, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 439-444

Plasma-based X-ray laser at 21 nm for multidisciplinary applications

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An overview of recent advances in applications of currently the most energetic X-ray laser at 21 nm is given. The unique parameters of this half-cavity based X-ray laser such as record output energy of 10 mJ, highly symmetric beam, robustness and reproducibility, have made it possible to carry out a number of multidisciplinary scientific projects featuring novel applications of intense coherent X-ray radiation. Selected results obtained in these experiments are reviewed, including X-ray laser probing of dense plasmas, measurements of transmission of focused soft X-ray radiation at intensities of up to 1012 W cm-2, measurements of infrared laser ablation rates of thin foils, and ablative microstructuring of solids.