Regular Article - Experimental Physics

The European Physical Journal C

, Volume 69, Issue 3, pp 361-378

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Search for relativistic magnetic monopoles with the AMANDA-II neutrino telescope

  • The IceCube Collaboration
  • , R. AbbasiAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
  • , Y. AbdouAffiliated withDept. of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, University of Gent
  • , T. Abu-ZayyadAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
  • , J. AdamsAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury
  • , J. A. AguilarAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
  • , M. AhlersAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Oxford
  • , K. AndeenAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
  • , J. AuffenbergAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , X. BaiAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , M. BakerAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , S. W. BarwickAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California
    • , R. BayAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , J. L. Bazo AlbaAffiliated withDESY
    • , K. BeattieAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , J. J. BeattyAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State UniversityDept. of Astronomy, Ohio State University
    • , S. BechetAffiliated withScience Faculty CP230, Université Libre de Bruxelles
    • , J. K. BeckerAffiliated withFakultät für Physik & Astronomie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
    • , K.-H. BeckerAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , M. L. BenabderrahmaneAffiliated withDESY
    • , S. BenZviAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , J. BerdermannAffiliated withDESY
    • , P. BerghausAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , D. BerleyAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , E. BernardiniAffiliated withDESY
    • , D. BertrandAffiliated withScience Faculty CP230, Université Libre de Bruxelles
    • , D. Z. BessonAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas
    • , M. BissokAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , E. BlaufussAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , D. J. BoersmaAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , C. BohmAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , S. BöserAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn
    • , O. BotnerAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University
    • , L. BradleyAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , J. BraunAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , S. BuitinkAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , M. CarsonAffiliated withDept. of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, University of Gent
    • , D. ChirkinAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , B. ChristyAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , J. ClemAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , F. ClevermannAffiliated withDept. of Physics, TU Dortmund University
    • , S. CohenAffiliated withLaboratory for High Energy Physics, École Polytechnique Fédérale
    • , C. ColnardAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik
    • , D. F. CowenAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State UniversityDept. of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , M. V. D’AgostinoAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , M. DanningerAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , J. C. DavisAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University
    • , C. De ClercqAffiliated withDienst ELEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    • , L. DemirörsAffiliated withLaboratory for High Energy Physics, École Polytechnique Fédérale
    • , O. DepaepeAffiliated withDienst ELEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    • , F. DescampsAffiliated withDept. of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, University of Gent
    • , P. DesiatiAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , G. de Vries-UiterweerdAffiliated withDept. of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, University of Gent
    • , T. DeYoungAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , J. C. Díaz-VélezAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , M. DierckxsensAffiliated withScience Faculty CP230, Université Libre de Bruxelles
    • , J. DreyerAffiliated withFakultät für Physik & Astronomie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
    • , J. P. DummAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , M. R. DuvoortAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, Utrecht University/SRON
    • , R. EhrlichAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , J. EischAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , R. W. EllsworthAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , O. EngdegårdAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University
    • , S. EulerAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , P. A. EvensonAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , O. FadiranAffiliated withCTSPS, Clark-Atlanta University
    • , A. R. FazelyAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Southern University
    • , T. FeuselsAffiliated withDept. of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, University of Gent
    • , K. FilimonovAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , C. FinleyAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , M. M. FoersterAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , B. D. FoxAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , A. FranckowiakAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn
    • , R. FrankeAffiliated withDESY
    • , T. K. GaisserAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , J. GallagherAffiliated withDept. of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin
    • , M. GeislerAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , L. GerhardtAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , L. GladstoneAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , T. GlüsenkampAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , A. GoldschmidtAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , J. A. GoodmanAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , D. GrantAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Alberta
    • , T. GrieselAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , A. GroßAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für KernphysikDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury
    • , S. GrullonAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , M. GurtnerAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , C. HaAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , A. HallgrenAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University
    • , F. HalzenAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , K. HanAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury
    • , K. HansonAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of WisconsinScience Faculty CP230, Université Libre de Bruxelles
    • , K. HelbingAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , P. HerquetAffiliated withUniversité de Mons
    • , S. HickfordAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury
    • , G. C. HillAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , K. D. HoffmanAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , A. HomeierAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn
    • , K. HoshinaAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , D. HubertAffiliated withDienst ELEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    • , W. HuelsnitzAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , J.-P. HülßAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , P. O. HulthAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , K. HultqvistAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , S. HussainAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , A. IshiharaAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Chiba University
    • , J. JacobsenAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , G. S. JaparidzeAffiliated withCTSPS, Clark-Atlanta University
    • , H. JohanssonAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , J. M. JosephAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , K.-H. KampertAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , T. KargAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , A. KarleAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , J. L. KelleyAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , N. KemmingAffiliated withInstitut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    • , P. KennyAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas
    • , J. KirylukAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , F. KislatAffiliated withDESY
    • , S. R. KleinAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , S. KnopsAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , J.-H. KöhneAffiliated withDept. of Physics, TU Dortmund University
    • , G. KohnenAffiliated withUniversité de Mons
    • , H. KolanoskiAffiliated withInstitut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    • , L. KöpkeAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , D. J. KoskinenAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , M. KowalskiAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn
    • , T. KowarikAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , M. KrasbergAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , T. KringsAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , G. KrollAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , K. KuehnAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University
    • , T. KuwabaraAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , M. LabareAffiliated withScience Faculty CP230, Université Libre de Bruxelles
    • , S. LafebreAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , K. LaihemAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , H. LandsmanAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , R. LauerAffiliated withDESY
    • , R. LehmannAffiliated withInstitut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    • , D. LennarzAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , J. LünemannAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , J. MadsenAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , P. MajumdarAffiliated withDESY
    • , A. MarottaAffiliated withScience Faculty CP230, Université Libre de Bruxelles
    • , R. MaruyamaAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , K. MaseAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Chiba University
    • , H. S. MatisAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , M. MatusikAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , K. MeagherAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , M. MerckAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , P. MészárosAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State UniversityDept. of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , T. MeuresAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , E. MiddellAffiliated withDESY
    • , N. MilkeAffiliated withDept. of Physics, TU Dortmund University
    • , J. MillerAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University
    • , T. MontaruliAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of WisconsinDipartimento di Fisica, Università di Bari and Sezione INFN
    • , R. MorseAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , S. M. MovitAffiliated withDept. of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , R. NahnhauerAffiliated withDESY
    • , J. W. NamAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California
    • , U. NaumannAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , P. NießenAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , D. R. NygrenAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , S. OdrowskiAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik
    • , A. OlivasAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , M. OlivoAffiliated withFakultät für Physik & Astronomie, Ruhr-Universität BochumDept. of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University
    • , A. O’MurchadhaAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , M. OnoAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Chiba University
    • , S. PankninAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn
    • , L. PaulAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , C. Pérez de los HerosAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University
    • , J. PetrovicAffiliated withScience Faculty CP230, Université Libre de Bruxelles
    • , A. PiegsaAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , D. PielothAffiliated withDept. of Physics, TU Dortmund University
    • , R. PorrataAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , J. PosseltAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , P. B. PriceAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , M. PrikockisAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , G. T. PrzybylskiAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , K. RawlinsAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alaska Anchorage
    • , P. RedlAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , E. ResconiAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik
    • , W. RhodeAffiliated withDept. of Physics, TU Dortmund University
    • , M. RibordyAffiliated withLaboratory for High Energy Physics, École Polytechnique Fédérale
    • , A. RizzoAffiliated withDienst ELEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    • , J. P. RodriguesAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , P. RothAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , F. RothmaierAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , C. RottAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University
    • , C. RoucelleAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik
    • , T. RuheAffiliated withDept. of Physics, TU Dortmund University
    • , D. RutledgeAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , B. RuzybayevAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , D. RyckboschAffiliated withDept. of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, University of Gent
    • , H.-G. SanderAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , M. SantanderAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , S. SarkarAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Oxford
    • , K. SchattoAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , S. SchlenstedtAffiliated withDESY
    • , T. SchmidtAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , A. SchukraftAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , A. SchultesAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , O. SchulzAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik
    • , M. SchunckAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , D. SeckelAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , B. SemburgAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wuppertal
    • , S. H. SeoAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , Y. SestayoAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik
    • , S. SeunarineAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of the West Indies
    • , A. SilvestriAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California
    • , A. SlipakAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , G. M. SpiczakAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , C. SpieringAffiliated withDESY
    • , M. StamatikosAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State UniversityNASA Goddard Space Flight Center
    • , T. StanevAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , G. StephensAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , T. StezelbergerAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , R. G. StokstadAffiliated withLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , S. StoyanovAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , E. A. StrahlerAffiliated withDienst ELEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    • , T. StraszheimAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , G. W. SullivanAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , Q. SwillensAffiliated withScience Faculty CP230, Université Libre de Bruxelles
    • , H. TaavolaAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University
    • , I. TaboadaAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, Georgia Institute of Technology
    • , A. TamburroAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , O. TarasovaAffiliated withDESY
    • , A. TepeAffiliated withSchool of Physics and Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, Georgia Institute of Technology
    • , S. Ter-AntonyanAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Southern University
    • , S. TilavAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , P. A. ToaleAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Pennsylvania State University
    • , S. ToscanoAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , D. TosiAffiliated withDESY
    • , D. TurčanAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland
    • , N. van EijndhovenAffiliated withDienst ELEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    • , J. VandenbrouckeAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , A. Van OverloopAffiliated withDept. of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, University of Gent
    • , J. van SantenAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , M. VogeAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik
    • , B. VoigtAffiliated withDESY
    • , C. WalckAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , T. WaldenmaierAffiliated withInstitut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    • , M. WallraffAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , M. WalterAffiliated withDESY
    • , Ch. WeaverAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , C. WendtAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , S. WesterhoffAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , N. WhitehornAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Wisconsin
    • , K. WiebeAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Mainz
    • , C. H. WiebuschAffiliated withIII. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University
    • , G. WikströmAffiliated withOskar Klein Centre and Dept. of Physics, Stockholm University
    • , D. R. WilliamsAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama
    • , R. WischnewskiAffiliated withDESY
    • , H. WissingAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of Maryland Email author 
    • , M. WolfAffiliated withMax-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik
    • , K. WoschnaggAffiliated withDept. of Physics, University of California
    • , C. XuAffiliated withBartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
    • , X. W. XuAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Southern University
    • , G. YodhAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California
    • , S. YoshidaAffiliated withDept. of Physics, Chiba University
    • , P. ZarzhitskyAffiliated withDept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama

Abstract

We present the search for Cherenkov signatures from relativistic magnetic monopoles in data taken with the AMANDA-II detector, a neutrino telescope deployed in the Antarctic ice cap at the Geographic South Pole. The non-observation of a monopole signal in data collected during the year 2000 improves present experimental limits on the flux of relativistic magnetic monopoles: Our flux limit varies between 3.8×10−17 cm−2 s−1 sr−1 (for monopoles moving at the vacuum speed of light) and 8.8×10−16 cm−2 s−1 sr−1 (for monopoles moving at a speed β=v/c=0.76, just above the Cherenkov threshold in ice). These limits apply to monopoles that are energetic enough to penetrate the Earth and enter the detector from below the horizon. The limit obtained for monopoles reaching the detector from above the horizon is less stringent by roughly an order of magnitude, due to the much larger background from down-going atmospheric muons. This looser limit is however valid for a larger class of magnetic monopoles, since the monopoles are not required to pass through the Earth.