Electronic structures for armchair-edge graphene nanoribbons under a small uniaxial strain
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- Liao, W., Zhou, B., Wang, H. et al. Eur. Phys. J. B (2010) 76: 463. doi:10.1140/epjb/e2010-00222-3
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We theoretically investigate the electronic structures for armchair-edge graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) under a small in-plane uniaxial strain along armchair (longitudinal) and zigzag (transversal) direction, respectively. We demonstrate that, by both the tight-binding calculation and first-principles study, the applying of a small asymmetrical strain results in variation of energy subband spacing, which opens a band gap for metallic AGNRs and modifies the band gaps for semiconducting AGNRs near the Fermi level. It is believed that these results are of importance in the band gap engineering and electromechanical applications of graphene-nanoribbon-based devices.