Solid State and Materials

The European Physical Journal B

, Volume 73, Issue 1, pp 95-101

First online:

Oscillations of the magnetic polarization in a Kondo system at finite magnetic fields

  • G. BergmannAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Southern California Email author 
  • , Y. TaoAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, University of Southern California

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The electronic properties of a Kondo impurity are investigated in a magnetic field using linear response theory. The distribution of electrical charge and magnetic polarization are calculated in real space. The (small) magnetic field does not change the charge distribution. However, it unmasks the Kondo cloud and generates a Kondo polarization. The weight of the d-electron components with their magnetic moment up and down is shifted and the compensating moments of the s-electron clouds don’t cancel any longer (a requirement for an experimental detection of the Kondo cloud). In addition to the polarization cloud (of the conduction electrons) an oscillating polarization component with a period of half the Fermi wave length is observed. This represents an internal electronic structure of the Kondo impurity.