The European Physical Journal B

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 301–318

Nonlinear voter models: the transition from invasion to coexistence

Authors

    • Chair of Systems Design, ETH Zurich, Kreuzplatz 5
  • L. Behera
    • Department of Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology
Interdisciplinary Physics Regular Article

DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2009-00001-3

Cite this article as:
Schweitzer, F. & Behera, L. Eur. Phys. J. B (2009) 67: 301. doi:10.1140/epjb/e2009-00001-3

Abstract

In nonlinear voter models the transitions between two states depend in a nonlinear manner on the frequencies of these states in the neighborhood. We investigate the role of these nonlinearities on the global outcome of the dynamics for a homogeneous network where each node is connected to m = 4 neighbors. The paper unfolds in two directions. We first develop a general stochastic framework for frequency dependent processes from which we derive the macroscopic dynamics for key variables, such as global frequencies and correlations. Explicit expressions for both the mean-field limit and the pair approximation are obtained. We then apply these equations to determine a phase diagram in the parameter space that distinguishes between different dynamic regimes. The pair approximation allows us to identify three regimes for nonlinear voter models: (i) complete invasion; (ii) random coexistence; and – most interestingly – (iii) correlated coexistence. These findings are contrasted with predictions from the mean-field phase diagram and are confirmed by extensive computer simulations of the microscopic dynamics.

PACS

87.23.Cc Population dynamics and ecological pattern formation87.23.Ge Dynamics of social systems
Download to read the full article text

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009