, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 225-228,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 15 Jun 2007

Conductance quantization in graphene nanoribbons: adiabatic approximation


A theory of electron states for graphene nanoribbons with a smoothly varying width is developed. It is demonstrated that the standard adiabatic approximation allowing to neglect the mixing of different standing waves is more restrictive for the massless Dirac fermions in graphene than for the conventional electron gas. For the case of zigzag boundary conditions, one can expect a well-pronounced conductance quantization only for highly excited states. This difference is related to the relativistic Zitterbewegung effect in graphene.