Nuclei Theory

Physics of Atomic Nuclei

, Volume 76, Issue 12, pp 1465-1481

First online:

Short-range components of nuclear forces: Experiment versus mythology

  • V. I. KukulinAffiliated withSkobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University
  • , M. N. PlatonovaAffiliated withSkobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University Email author 

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The present-day situation around the description of various (central, spin-orbit, and tensor) components of short-range nuclear forces is discussed. A traditional picture of these interactions based on the idea of one-meson exchange is contrasted against numerous results of recent experiments. As is shown in the present study, these results often deviate strongly from the predictions of traditional models. One can therefore state that such models are inapplicable to describing short-range nuclear forces and that it is necessary to go over from a traditional description to some alternative QCD-based (or QCD-motivated) picture. This means that, despite the widespread popularity of traditional concepts of short-range nuclear forces and their applicability in many particular cases, these concepts are not more than scientific myths that show their inconsistency when analyzed from the viewpoint of the modern experiment.