Journal of Structural Chemistry

, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 330–339

Phase formation in mixed TiO2-ZrO2 oxides prepared by sol-gel method

Authors

    • Institute of CatalysisBulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • M. L. Saladino
    • Dipartimento di Chimica “S. Cannizzaro,”Università di Palermo and INSTM-Udr Palermo
  • R. Matassa
    • Centro Grandi Apparecchiature-UniNetLabUniversità di Palermo
  • E. Caponetti
    • Dipartimento di Chimica “S. Cannizzaro,”Università di Palermo and INSTM-Udr Palermo
    • Centro Grandi Apparecchiature-UniNetLabUniversità di Palermo
  • S. Enzo
    • Dipartimento di ChimicaUniversità di Sassari and INSTM-Udr Sassari
  • A. Spojakina
    • Institute of CatalysisBulgarian Academy of Sciences
Article

DOI: 10.1134/S0022476611020132

Cite this article as:
Kraleva, E., Saladino, M.L., Matassa, R. et al. J Struct Chem (2011) 52: 330. doi:10.1134/S0022476611020132

Abstract

Pure titania, zirconia, and mixed oxides (3–37 mol.% of ZrO2) are prepared using the sol-gel method and calcined at different temperatures. The calcined samples are characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and nitrogen adsorption porosimetry. Measurements reveal a thermal stability of the titania anatase phase that slightly increases in the presence of 3–13 mol.% of zirconia. Practically, the titania anatase-rutile phase transformation is hindered during the temperature increase above 700°C. The mixed oxide with 37 mol.% of ZrO2 treated at 550°C shows a new single amorphous phase with a surface area of the nanoparticles double with respect to the other crystalline samples and the formed srilankite structure (at 700°C). The anatase phase is not observed in the sample containing 37 mol.% of ZrO2. The treatment at 700°C causes the formation of the srilankite (Ti0.63Zr0.37Ox) phase.

Keywords

TiO2-ZrO2 mixed oxidessol-gel methodsrilankiteRietveld method

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011