, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 330-339
Date: 27 May 2011

Phase formation in mixed TiO2-ZrO2 oxides prepared by sol-gel method

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Abstract

Pure titania, zirconia, and mixed oxides (3–37 mol.% of ZrO2) are prepared using the sol-gel method and calcined at different temperatures. The calcined samples are characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and nitrogen adsorption porosimetry. Measurements reveal a thermal stability of the titania anatase phase that slightly increases in the presence of 3–13 mol.% of zirconia. Practically, the titania anatase-rutile phase transformation is hindered during the temperature increase above 700°C. The mixed oxide with 37 mol.% of ZrO2 treated at 550°C shows a new single amorphous phase with a surface area of the nanoparticles double with respect to the other crystalline samples and the formed srilankite structure (at 700°C). The anatase phase is not observed in the sample containing 37 mol.% of ZrO2. The treatment at 700°C causes the formation of the srilankite (Ti0.63Zr0.37Ox) phase.

Original Russian Text Copyright © 2011 by E. Kraleva, M. L. Saladino, R. Matassa, E. Caponetti, S. Enzo, and A. Spojakina
The text was submitted by the authors in English. Zhurnal Strukturnoi Khimii, Vol. 52, No. 2, pp. 340–348, March–April, 2011.