Marine Geology


, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 573-581

First online:

Reconstruction of the postglacial environments in the southwestern Barents Sea based on foraminiferal assemblages

  • N. O. ChistyakovaAffiliated withShirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences Email author 
  • , E. V. IvanovaAffiliated withShirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • , B. RisebrobakkenAffiliated withBjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen
  • , E. A. OvsepyanAffiliated withShirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • , Ya. S. OvsepyanAffiliated withDepartment of Geology, Lomonosov Moscow State University

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Environmental changes in the surface and bottom water layers of the Ingøydjupet Basin and the history of the Atlantic Water inflow to the southwestern Barents Sea during the last 16 ka are reconstructed based on planktic and benthic foraminiferal assemblages. The multiproxy study of sediment cores PSh-5159R and PSh-5159N, including AMS 14C dating, provides a time resolution of about 200 years for the deglaciation, 100 years for the Holocene, and 25–50 years for the last 400 years. Stable polar conditions with the sea ice at the surface were typical for the Early Deglaciation period. Unstable bottom settings and the onset of ice rafting marked the Oldest Dryas. The cold Atlantic Water inflow increased notably during the Bölling-Alleröd interstadial nearby the site location and then decreased during the Younger Dryas. The initial Holocene was characterized by abrupt warming in bottom and surface water layers, especially ∼9.7–7.6 ka BP. Stable conditions prevailed during the Middle Holocene. Remarkable changes in the sea-surface temperature and bottom environments occurred during the last 2.5 cal. ka BP.