, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 274-279
Date: 07 Aug 2008

Isolation and properties of Serratia proteamaculans 94 cysteine protease

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Abstract

A new cysteine protease (SpCP) with a molecular mass of about 50 kDa and optimal functioning at pH 8.0 was isolated from the culture medium of a Serratia proteamaculans 94 psychrotolerant strain using affinity and gel permeation chromatography. The enzyme N terminal amino acid sequence (SPVEEAEGDGIVLDV-) exhibits a reliable similarity to N terminal sequences of gingipains R, cysteine proteases from Porphyromonas gingivalis. Unlike gingipains R, SpCP displays a double substrate specificity and cleaves bonds formed by carboxylic groups of Arg, hydrophobic amino acid residues (Val, Leu, Ala, Tyr, and Phe), Pro, and Gly. SpCP can also hydrolyze native collagen. The enzyme catalysis is effective in a wide range of temperatures. Kinetic studies of Z-Ala-Phe-Arg-pNA hydrolysis catalyzed by the protease at 4 and 37°C showed that a decrease in temperature by more than 30°C causes a 1.3-fold increase in the k cat/K m ratio. Thus, SpCP is an enzyme adapted to low positive temperatures. A protease displaying such properties was found in microorganisms of the Serratia genus for the first time and may serve as a virulent factor for these bacteria.

Original Russian Text © N.V. Mozhina, O.A. Burmistrova, D.V. Pupov, G.N. Rudenskaya, Ya.E. Dunaevsky, I.V. Demiduk, S.V. Kostrov, 2008, published in Bioorganicheskaya Khimiya, 2008, Vol. 34, No. 3, pp. 303–309.