Postagrogenic transformation of organic matter in soddy-podzolic soils
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
In the chronological sequence of postagrogenic soils, the restoration of the original differentiation of the soil profile and its horizons proceeded with different rates depending on the fallow age and the horizon depth. The layer sampling (at 5-cm intervals) showed that the plow horizon began to differentiate into a system of subhorizons in all the fallow soils. The zonal pedogenesis showed clear signs of manifestation already in the 15-year-old fallow. The upper part of the former plow horizon in the 15- and 60-year-old fallows under herbaceous plants was transformed into a soddy horizon, while a postagrogenic soil 90 years old already developed under a zonal type of vegetation and approached the control soil in its morphological features. The content and reserve of carbon in the soils showed a stable tendency of increasing (especially in the upper part of the plow horizon) during the entire postagrogenic period under study. The water permeability of the soils gradually increased and approached that of the virgin soil. However, the compacted subsurface horizon (the plow pan) disappeared only after 90 years. The assessment of the physicochemical properties of the soils and the structural and functional parameters of the humic acids indicated the expansion of the layer differentiation primarily within the homogeneous plow horizon. From the elemental analysis and 13C NMR spectroscopy data, the degree of aromaticity in the molecular structure of the humic acids gradually decreased, and the aliphatic part developed with the age of the fallow.
- B. F. Aparin, M. I. Gerasimova, I. I. Lebedeva, et al., “Verification of the Classification and Diagnostic System of Russian Soils (2004) on the Materials of a Collection of Soil Monoliths from the V.V. Dokuchaev Central Soil Museum,” Pochvovedenie, No. 5, 525–531 (2007) [Eur. Soil Sci. 40 (5), 478–484 (2007)].
- A. G. Zavarzina and V. V. Demin, “Acid-Base Properties of Humic Acids of Different Origin as Seen from the Potentiometric Titration Data,” Pochvovedenie, No. 10, 1246–1254 (1999) [Eur. Soil Sci. 32 (10), 1115–1122 (1999)].
- M. E. Ivanova, G. G. Morkovkin, S. B. Tarasova, and D. A. Tailashev, “Study of the Fractional Composition of Humus in Leached Chernozems of Meadow Steppes under Different Anthropogenic Loads in the Altai Region,” in Humic Substances in the Biosphere (Moscow, 2007), pp. 247–253 [in Russian].
- A. M. Kvasova, I. N. Kurganova, V. O. Gerenyu, et al., “Effect of Land Use on the Humus State and Respiration Activity of Gray Forest Soils,” in Humic Substances in the Biosphere (Moscow, 2007), pp. 260–264 [in Russian].
- I. N. Kurganova, A. M. Ermolaev, V. O. Gerenyu, et al., “Fluxes and Pools of Carbon in Fallow Soils of Moscow Region,” in Soil Processes and the Spatial-Temporal Organization of Soils (Nauka, Moscow, 2006) [in Russian].
- E. D. Lodygin, V. A. Beznosikov, and S. N. Chukov, Structural-Functional Parameters of Humic Substances in Podzolic and Bog-Podzolic Soils (Nauka, St. Petersburg, 2007) [in Russian].
- Methods of Stationary Soil Studies (Nauka, Moscow, 1977) [in Russian].
- D. S. Orlov, Soil Chemistry (Izd. Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow, 2005) [in Russian].
- A. I. Pozdnyakov, N. G. Kovalev, and A. D. Pozdnyakova, Electrophysics in Soil Science, Land Reclamation, and Farming (ChuDo, Tver’-Moscow, 2002) [in Russian].
- O. G. Rastvorova, Soil Physics (Practical Guide) (Leningr. Gos. Univ., Leningrad, 1983) [in Russian].
- A. A. Romanovskaya and T. G. Arakelyan, “Soil Organic Carbon in Fallow Soils of Moscow Oblast,” in Humic Substances in the Biosphere (Moscow, 2007), pp. 618–626 [in Russian].
- A. A. Stepanov and N. I. Sukhanova, “Changes in the Molecular-Mass Distribution and Amphiphily of Humic Substances on an Ordinary Calcareous Chernozem in the Course of Natural Restoration of Steppe Vegetation,” in Humic Substances in the Biosphere (Moscow, 2007), pp. 86–94 [in Russian].
- N. I. Sukhanova, I. N. Kurganova, V. O. Lopes de Gerenyu, and V. V. Kerimzade, “Changes in the Organic Carbon Content and Respiration Activity of an Ordinary Chernozem under the Impact of Overgrowing with Natural Vegetation,” in Humic Substances in the Biosphere (Moscow, 2007), pp. 310–314 [in Russian].
- S. N. Chukov, Structural-Functional Parameters of Soil Organic Matter under Anthropogenic Loads (Izd. St.-Peterb. Univ., St. Petersburg, 2001) [in Russian].
- C. Cerli, L. Celi, K. Kaiser, et al., “Changes in Humic Substances along an Age Sequence of Norway Spruce Stands Planted on Former Agricultural Land,” Org. Geochem. No. 39, 1269–1280 (2008).
- S. Chukov, “Evolution of Soil Humic Substances,” in From Molecular Understanding to Innovate Applications of Humic Substances (Proc. 14th Int. Meeting of the Int. Humic Substances Soc., Sept. 14–19, St. Petersburg, Russia) (Moscow, 2008), Vol. I, 145–148.
- P. Conte and A. Piccolo, B. van Lagen, P. Buurman, and M. A. Hemmingaz, “Elemental Quantitation of Natural Organic Matter by CPMAS 13CNMR Spectroscopy,” Solid State Nucl. Magn. Resonance, No. 21, 158–170 (2002).
- R. Jandl, M. Lindner, L. Vesterdal, et al., “How Strongly Can Forest Management Influence Soil Carbon Sequestration?,” Geoderma, No. 137, 253–268 (2007).
- L.-S. Koutika, N. Sanginga, B. Vanlauwe, and S. Weise, “Chemical Properties and Soil Organic Matter Assessment under Fallow Systems in Forest Margins Benchmark,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 34, 757–765 (2002). CrossRef
- A. A. Larionova, L. N. Rozonova, I. V. Yevdokimov, et al., “Land-Use Change and Management Effects on Carbon Sequestration in Soils of Russia’s South Taiga Zone,” Tellus 55, 331–337.
- J. D. Liao, T. W. Boutton, and J. D. Jastrow, “Storage and Dynamics of Carbon and Nitrogen in Soil Physical Fractions Following Woody Plant Invasion of Grassland,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 38, 3184–3196 (2006). CrossRef
- W. M. Post and K. C. Kwon, “Soil Carbon Sequestration and Land Use Change: Processes and Potential,” Global Change Biol. 6, 317–327 (2000). CrossRef
- P. R. Poulton, E. Pye, P. R. Hargreaves, and D. S. Jenkinson, “Accumulation of Carbon and Nitrogen by Old Arable Land Reverting to Woodland,” Global Change Biol. 9, 942–955 (2003). CrossRef
- R. Spaccini, J. S. C. Mbagwu, P. Conte, and A. Piccolo, “Changes of Humic Substances Characteristics from Forested to Cultivated Soils in Ethiopia,” Geoderma, No. 132, 9–19 (2006).
- R. L. Wershaw, “Application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy for Determining Functionality in Humic Substances,” in Humic Substances in Soil, Sediment, and Water (Wiley, New York, 1985), pp. 561–582.
- A. L. Wright, F. Dou, and F. M. Hons, “Soil Organic C and N Distribution for Wheat Cropping Systems after 20 Years of Conservation Tillage in Central Texas,” Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 121, 376–382 (2007). CrossRef
- Bin Zhang and Xin-Hua Penc, “Organic Matter Enrichment and Aggregate Stabilization in a Severely Degraded Ultisol after Reforestation,” Pedosphere, 16(6), 699–706 (2006). CrossRef
- Postagrogenic transformation of organic matter in soddy-podzolic soils
Eurasian Soil Science
Volume 44, Issue 10 , pp 1077-1089
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
- Additional Links