Astronomy Letters

, Volume 33, Issue 9, pp 571-583

First online:

Kinematics of the Scorpius-Centaurus OB association

  • V. V. BobylevAffiliated withPulkovo Astronomical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences Email author 
  • , A. T. BajkovaAffiliated withPulkovo Astronomical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences

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A fine structure related to the kinematic peculiarities of three components of the Scorpius-Centaurus association (LCC, UCL, and US) has been revealed in the UV-velocity distribution of Gould Belt stars. We have been able to identify the most likely members of these groups by applying the method of analyzing the two-dimensional probability density function of stellar UV velocities that we developed. A kinematic analysis of the identified structural components has shown that, in general, the center-of-mass motion of the LCC, UCL, and US groups follows the motion characteristic of the Gould Belt, notably its expansion. The entire Scorpius-Centaurus complex is shown to possess a proper expansion with an angular velocity parameter of 46 ± 8 km s−1 kpc−1 for the kinematic center with l 0 = −40° and R 0 = 110 pc found. Based on this velocity, we have estimated the characteristic expansion time of the complex to be 21 ± 4 Myr. The proper rotation velocity of the Scorpius-Centaurus complex is lower in magnitude, is determined less reliably, and depends markedly on the data quality.

Key words

star clusters and associations stellar dynamics Scorpius-Centaurus association Gould Belt kinematics open star clusters

PACS numbers

98.20.-d 98.10.+z