, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 55-61

Giant pulses—The main component of the radio emission of the crab pulsar

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Abstract

The paper presents an analysis of dual-polarization observations of the Crab pulsar obtained on the 64-m Kalyazin radio telescope at 600 MHz with a time resolution of 250 ns. A lower limit for the intensities of giant pulses is estimated by assuming that the pulsar radio emission in the main pulse and interpulse consists entirely of giant radio pulses; this yields estimates of 100 and 35 Jy for the peak flux densities of giant pulses arising in the main pulse and interpulse, respectively. This assumes that the normal radio emission of the pulse occurs in the precursor pulse. In this case, the longitudes of the giant radio pulses relative to the profile of the normal radio emission turn out to be the same for the Crab pulsar and the millisecond pulsar B1937+21, namely, the giant pulses arise at the trailing edge of the profile of the normal radio emission. Analysis of the distribution of the degree of circular polarization for the giant pulses suggests that they can consist of a random mixture of nanopulses with 100% circular polarization of either sign, with, on average, hundreds of such nanopulses within a single giant pulse.

Original Russian Text © M.V. Popov, V.A. Soglasnov, V.I. Kondrat’ev, S.V. Kostyuk, Yu.P. Ilyasov, V.V. Oreshko, 2006, published in Astronomicheskiĭ Zhurnal, 2006, Vol. 83, No. 1, pp. 62–69.