The functional state of children from 9 to 10 years of age under the conditions of intense informational load and physical working capacity
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- Krivolapchuk, I.A. Hum Physiol (2009) 35: 755. doi:10.1134/S0362119709060139
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Three-way ANOVA has shown that the functional state (FS) of children from 9 to 10 years of age (n = 91) under intense informational load is significantly influenced by the aerobic and anaerobic components of physical working capacity and their interaction. It has been found that 4 to 21% of the total variation of the studied FS indices are related to the bioenergetic resources of the body. It has been shown that the high levels of development of the aerobic and anaerobic glycolytic capacities are associated with the optimal changes in the FS under the conditions of intense informational load. At the same time, the interaction of the aerobic and anaerobic glycolytic components of physical working capacity exerts the most significant influence on the productivity and “psychophysiological cost” of intellectual activity. The high anaerobic glycolytic and anaerobic alactate capacities proved to have opposite functional effects. The former contribute to a decrease in excessive autonomic reactivity under the conditions of intense work and diminution of trait anxiety; the latter, on the contrary, determine hypermobilization of the system of autonomic support of activity. The results suggest that a combined use of rational proportions of physical loads of the aerobic, anaerobic glycolytic, and anaerobic alactate types will provide efficient control of children’s FS under the conditions of intense intellectual activity.