New reconstruction of Kimberella, problematic Vendian metazoan
- A. Yu. Ivantsov
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Six groups of fossil remains of Kimberella quadrata are described. They represent the imprints of the body in different types of preservation (including the group of specimens that are elongated more than twice in comparison with the common ones) and also the feeding traces and mucus secretions. The imprint is considered to be created only by the upper side of the body. The fossil material shows that Kimberella had hard sclerites, probably of aragonite, and several teeth in its mouth. Kimberella is suggested to have “the mantle” with sclerites, wider foot, which was spread over the outer surface of the mantle, and the strong transverse and longitudinal musculature.
- J.-B. Caron, A. Scheltema, C. Schander, and D. Rudkin, “A Soft-Bodied Mollusc with Radula from the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale,” Nature 442, 159–163 (2006). CrossRef
- D. H. Collins, “The ‘Evolution’ of Anomalocaris and Its Classification in the Arthropod Class Dinocarida (nov.) and Order Radiodonta (nov.),” J. Paleontol. 70, 280–293 (1996).
- M. A. Fedonkin, “Glimpse into 600 Million Years Ago,” Science in Russia 6(126), 4–15 (2001).
- M. A. Fedonkin, “The Origin of the Metazoa in the Light of the Proterozoic Fossil Record,” Paleontol. Res. 7(1), 9–41 (2003). CrossRef
- M. A. Fedonkin and P. Vickers-Rich, “First Trace of Motion,” in The Rise and Fall of the Ediacaran Biota (Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. Vol. 286), Ed. by P. Vickers-Rich and P. Komarower (London, 2007), pp. 205–216.
- M. A. Fedonkin and B. M. Waggoner, “The Vendian Fossil Kimberella: The Oldest Mollusk,” Nature 388, 868–871 (1997). CrossRef
- M. A. Fedonkin, A. Simonetta, and A. Yu. Ivantsov, “New Data on Kimberella, the Vendian Mollusc-Like Organism (White Sea Region, Russia): Palaeoecological and Evolutionary Implications,” in The Rise and Fall of the Ediacaran Biota (Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. Vol. 286), Ed. by P. Vickers-Rich and P. Komarower (Geol. Soc. Publ. House, London, 2007), pp. 157–179.
- J. G. Gehling, “The Case of Ediacaran Fossil Roots to the Metazoan Tree,” Mem. Geol. Soc. India 20, 181–224 (1991).
- J. G. Gehling, “Microbial Mats in Terminal Proterozoic Siliciclastics: Ediacaran Death Masks,” Palaios 14, 40–57 (1999). CrossRef
- J. G. Gehling, “Ediacara Organisms: Relating Form to Function,” in Evolving Form and Function: Fossils and Development: Proc. Sympos. Honoring Adolf Seilacher, Ed. by D. E. G. Briggs (Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 2005), pp. 43–66.
- M. F. Glaessner and B. Deily, “The Geology and Late Precambrian Fauna of the Ediacara Fossil Reserve,” Rec. South Austral. Mus. 13, 369–401 (1959).
- M. F. Glaessner and M. Wade, The Late Precambrian Fossils from Ediacara, South Australia,” Palaeontology 9, 599–628 (1966).
- A. Yu. Ivantsov and M. A. Fedonkin, “Traces of Spontaneous Movement-Final Proof of the Animal Nature of Ediacaran Organisms,” in Proceedings of II International Symposium on Evolution of Life on Earth (Izd. Nauchno-Tekh. Lit-ry, Tomsk, 2001), pp. 133–137 [in Russian].
- A. Yu. Ivantsov and M. A. Fedonkin, “Locomotion Trails of the Vendian Invertebrates Preserved with the Producer’s Body Fossils, White Sea, Russia,” in Abstracts of North American Paleontological Convention (PaleoBios, Berkeley, 2001), Vol. 21, p. 72.
- A. Yu. Ivantsov and Ya. E. Malakhovskaya “Giant Traces of Vendian Animals,” Dokl. Ross. Akad. Nauk 385A(3), 382–386 (2002) [Dokl. Earth Sci. 385A (6), 618–622 (2002)].
- R. J. F. Jenkins, “Functional and Ecological Aspects of Ediacaran Assemblages,” in Origin and Early Evolution of the Metazoa, Ed. by J. H. Lipps and P. W. Signor (Plenum Press, New York, 1992), pp. 131–176.
- C. Nielsen, “Animal Evolution. Interrelationships of the Living Phyla (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 2001).
- A. H. Scheltema, K. Kerth, and A. M. Kuzurian, “Original Molluscan Radula: Comparison among Aplacophora, Polyplacophora, Gastropoda, and the Cambrian Fossil Wiwaxia corrugata,” J. Morphol. 257, 219–244 (2003). CrossRef
- A. Seilacher, D. Grazhdankin, and A. Leguta, “Ediacaran Biota: The Dawn of Animal Life in the Shadow of Giant Protists,” Paleontol. Res. 7(1), 43–54 (2003). CrossRef
- P. Trusler, J. Stilwell, and P. Vickers-Rich, “Comment: Future Research Directions for Further Analysis of Kimberella,” in The Rise and Fall of the Ediacaran Biota (Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. Vol. 286), Ed. by P. Vickers-Rich and P. Komarower (Geol. Soc. Publ. House, London, 2007), pp. 181–185.
- M. Wade, “Hydrozoa and Scyphozoa and Other Medusoids from the Precambrian Ediacara Fauna, South Australia,” Palaeontology 15, 197–225 (1972).
- New reconstruction of Kimberella, problematic Vendian metazoan
Volume 43, Issue 6 , pp 601-611
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- A. Yu. Ivantsov (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Borissiak Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya ul. 123, Moscow, 117997, Russia