The most ancient terrestrial lichen Winfrenatia reticulata: A new find and new interpretation
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Silicified fossils from Rhynie cherts in Scotland are studied. A lichen belonging to the genus Winfrenatia is detected and studied. This oldest terrestrial lichen is dated to the Pragian (=Siegenian) of the Early Devonian. New characters of the lichen are described, and their new interpretation is given. The main component of the lichen thallus is a filamentous cyanobacterium (Nostocales). Structures which were interpreted as fungal hyphae are probably hollow sheaths of this cyanobacterium. Mycobiont hyphae develop at the base of the thallus and symbiose with a coccoid cyanobacterium. Thus, Winfrenatia reticulata is a three-parted organism, constituted of a mycobiont and filamentous and coccoid cyanobacteria.
- V. Ahmadjian, “Definition of the Term Lichen,” Int. Lichenol. Newsl. 15(2), 18–19 (1982).
- V. Ahmadjian, The Lichen Symbiosis (Wiley, New York, 1993).
- L. I. Anderson and N. H. Trewin, “An Early Devonian Arthropod Fauna from the Windyfield Chert, Aberdeenshire, Scotland,” Palaeontology 46(3), 467–509 (2003). CrossRef
- A. H. Church, “The Lichen As Transmigrant,” J. Bot. 59, 7–13; 40–46 (1921).
- W. N. Croft and E. A. George, “Blue-Green Algae from the Middle Devonian of Rhynie, Aberdeenshire,” Bull. Brit. Museum (Natur. Hist.). Geol. 3(10), 341–353 (1958).
- D. L. Dilcher, “Epiphyllous Fungi from Eocene Deposits in Western Tennessee, USA,” Palaeontogr. Abt. B, 116, 1–54 (1965).
- D. S. Edwards and A. G. Lyon, “Algae from the Rhynie Chert,” Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 86, 37–55 (1983). CrossRef
- O. E. Eriksson, “The Families of Bitunicate Ascomycetes,” Opera Botanica 60, 1–220 (1981).
- S. Golubic and Lee Seong-Joo, “Early Cyanobacterial Fossil Record: Preservation, Palaeoenvironments, and Identification,” Eur. J. Phycol. 34 (4), 339–348 (1999). CrossRef
- D. L. Hawksworth, “Co-Evolution and the Detection of Ancestry in Lichens,” J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 52, 323–329 (1982).
- D. L. Hawksworth, “The Variety of Fungal-Algal Symbioses, Their Evolutionary Significance, and the Nature of Lichens,” Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 96, 3–20 (1988). CrossRef
- A. H. Jahren, S. Porter, and J. J. Kuglitsch, “Lichen Metabolism Identified in Early Devonian Terrestrial Organisms,” Geology 31, 99–102 (2003). CrossRef
- P. W. James and A. Henssen, “The Morphological and Taxonomic Significance of Cephalodia,” in Lichenology: Progress and Problems, Ed. by D. H. Brown, D. L. Hawksworth, and R. H. Bailey (Academic, London-New York, 1976), pp. 27–77.
- A. H. Knoll, “The Early Evolution of Eukaryotes: A Geological Perspective,” Science 256(5057), 622–627 (1992). CrossRef
- V. Ya. Kostyaev, Blue-Green Algae and Evolution of Eukaryotic Organisms (Nauka, Moscow, 2001) [in Russian].
- M. Krings, H. Kerp, H. Hass, et al., “A Filamentous Cyanobacterium Showing Structured Colonial Growth from the Early Devonian Rhynie Chert,” Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 146(1–4), 265–276 (2007). CrossRef
- F. Lutzoni, M. Pagel, and V. Reeb, “Major Fungal Lineages Are Derived from Lichen Symbiotic Ancestors,” Nature 411(6840), 937–940 (2001). CrossRef
- K. Palmqvist, D. Campbell, A. Ekblad, and H. Johansson, “Photosynthetic Capacity in Relation to Nitrogen Content and Its Partitioning in Lichens with Different Photobionts,” Plant Cell and Environment 21, 361–372 (1998). CrossRef
- G. O. Poinar, E. B. Peterson, and J. L. Platt, “Fossil Parmelia in New World Amber,” Lichenologist 32, 263–269 (2000). CrossRef
- C. M. Rice, N. H. Trewin, and L. I. Anderson, “Geological Setting of the Early Devonian Rhynie Cherts, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, As Early Terrestrial Hot Spring System,” J. Geol. Soc. London 15(2), 203–214 (2002). CrossRef
- J. Rikkinen, “Calicioid Lichens from European Tertiary Amber,” Mycologia 95 (6), 1032–1036 (2003). CrossRef
- J. Rikkinen and G. O. Poinar, “A New Species of Resinicolous Chaenothecopsis (Mycocaliciaceae, Ascomycota) from 20 Million Year Old Bitterfeld Amber, with Remarks on the Biology of Resinicolous Fungi,” Mycol. Res. 104(Part 1), 7–15 (2000). CrossRef
- J. Rikkinen and G. O. Poinar, “Fossilized Anzia (Lecanorales, Lichen-Forming Ascomycota) from European Tertiary Amber,” Mycol. Res. 106(Part 8), 984–990 (2002). CrossRef
- J. W. Schopf, “Deep Divisions in the Tree of Life—What Does the Fossil Record Reveal?,” Biol. Bull. 196(3), 351–353 (1999). CrossRef
- J. W. Schopf, “The Fossil Record: Tracing the Roots of the Cyanobacterial Lineage,” in The Ecology of Cyanobacteria Ed. by B. A. Whitton and M. Potts (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2000), pp. 13–35.
- V. N. Sergeev, Silicified Microfossils of the Precambrian and Cambrian of the Ural Mountains and Central Asia (Nauka, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].
- M. A. Sherwood-Pike, “Pelicothallos Dilcher, an Overlooked Fossil Lichen,” Lichenologist 17(Part 1), 114–115 (1985). CrossRef
- N. S. Snigirevskaya, R. N. Belyakova, K. N. Demchenko, and I. V. Karatygin, “New Data on the Symbiotic Organism Winfrenatia reticulata within the Rhynie Flora (Early Devonian, Scotland),” in International Working Conference “Origin and Evolution of the Biosphere (Novosibirsk, 2005), p. 262 [in Russian].
- W. E. Stein, G. D. Harmon, C. Boyce, et al., “Spongiophyton from the Lower Devonian of North America Reinterpreted As a Lichen,” Amer. J. Bot. 80(6), 93 (1993).
- T. N. Taylor, H. Hass, W. Remy, and H. Kerp, “The Oldest Fossil Lichen,” Nature 378(6554), 244 (1995). CrossRef
- T. N. Taylor, H. Hass, and H. Kerp, “A Cyanolichen from the Lower Devonian Rhynie Chert,” Amer. J. Bot. 84(7), 992–1004 (1997). CrossRef
- W. A. Taylor, Ch. Free, C. Boyce, et al., “SEM Analysis of Spongiophyton Interpreted As a Fossil Lichen,” Int. J. Plant Sci. 165(5), 875–881 (2004a). CrossRef
- T. N. Taylor, S. D. Klavins, M. Krings, et al., “Fungi from the Rhynie Chert: A View from the Dark Side,” Trans. R. Soc. Edingb. Earth Sci. 94(4), 457–473 (2004b).
- N. H. Trewin, S. R. Fayers, and R. Kelman, “Subaqueous Silicification of the Contents of Small Ponds in the Early Devonian Hot Spring Complex, Rhynie, Scotland,” Can. J. Earth Sci. 40(11), 1697–1712 (2003). CrossRef
- E. Tschermak-Woess, The Algal Partner (CRC Press, Boca Raton Fla., 1988), Vol. 1, pp. 39–92.
- M. M. Walsh and D. R. Lowe, “Filamentous Microfossils from the 3500-Myr-Old Onverwacht Group, Barbeton Mountain Land, South Africa,” Nature 314, 530–532 (1985). CrossRef
- Xunlai Yuan, Shuhai Xiao, and T. N. Taylor, “Lichen-Like Symbiosis 600 Million Years Ago,” Science 308(5724), 1017–1020 (2005). CrossRef
- The most ancient terrestrial lichen Winfrenatia reticulata: A new find and new interpretation
Volume 43, Issue 1 , pp 107-114
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
- Additional Links
- Early Devonian
- Industry Sectors