Numerical simulation of plunging wave breaking by the weakly compressible smoothed particle hydrodynamic method
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- Ketabdari, M.J. & Roozbahani, A.N. J Appl Mech Tech Phy (2013) 54: 477. doi:10.1134/S0021894413030188
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In this paper, a numerical meshless method called the weakly compressible smoothed particle hydrodynamic (WCSPH) method, which is a two-dimensionalmodel of a weakly compressible fluid, is applied to simulate the plunging wave breaking process. This model solves the viscous fluid equations to obtain the velocity and density fields and also solves the equation of state to obtain the pressure field. The WCSPH method is demonstrated to have a higher computational efficiency than the basic SPH model. To simulate the turbulent behavior of the fluid flow in the wave breaking procedure, a sub particle scale (SPS) model is used, which is obtained from the Large eddy simulation (LES) theory. To consider the accuracy of the standard WCSPH model (WCSPH model without considering the turbulent effect), a dam break test is performed, and model results are compared with available experimental data.