Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 73, Issue 8, pp 853–861

G-Quadruplex structure: a target for anticancer therapy and a probe for detection of potassium

  • Bo Chen
  • Jiangli Liang
  • Xiaoping Tian
  • Xiaochuan Liu
Review

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297908080026

Cite this article as:
Chen, B., Liang, J., Tian, X. et al. Biochemistry Moscow (2008) 73: 853. doi:10.1134/S0006297908080026

Abstract

G-Quadruplexes are four-stranded DNA structures that play important regulatory roles in the maintenance of telomere length by inhibiting telomerase activity. Telomeres are specialized functional DNA-protein structures consisting of a variable number of tandem G-rich repeats together with a group of specific proteins. Telomere losses during cell replication are compensated by telomerase, which adds telomeric repeats onto the chromosome ends in the presence of its substrate—the 3′-overhang. Recently, quadruplexes have been considered as a potential therapeutic target for human cancer because they can inhibit telomerase activity, and some quadruplex-interacting drugs can induce senescence and apoptosis of cancer cells. In addition, due to the potassium preference to the other cations, especially sodium ions, quadruplexes have been suggested for developing potassium detection probes with higher sensitivity and selectivity. This review will illustrate these two aspects to provide further understanding of G-quadruplex structures.

Key words

G-quadruplex G-quadruplex-interacting ligand telomere telomerase FRET potassium detection 

Abbreviations

CCP

cationic conjugated polymer

FRET

fluorescence resonance energy transfer

PSO

potassium sensing oligonucleotides

TBA

thrombin-binding aptamer

Copyright information

© MAIK Nauka 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bo Chen
    • 1
  • Jiangli Liang
    • 1
  • Xiaoping Tian
    • 1
  • Xiaochuan Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Bioengineering Institute of Life Science DepartmentZhejiang Sci-Tech UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations