Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 71, Issue 8, pp 851-860

First online:

Ubiquitin-protein ligase parkin and its role in the development of Parkinson’s disease

  • O. A. BuneevaAffiliated withInstitute of Biomedical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • , A. E. MedvedevAffiliated withInstitute of Biomedical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences Email author 

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Parkin is a protein encoded by the corresponding parkin gene. It exhibits ubiquitin-protein ligase activity. In this review, we analyze domain structure, substrate specificity, subcellular localization of parkin, and regulation of its activity. Then we discuss data on the effects of various mutations in the parkin gene on structure and functions of this protein and results obtained with parkin knock-out animals. Better understanding of parkin biochemistry, its compartmentalization, functions, and altered functions would help the development of new approaches for the treatment of both inherited and sporadic cases of Parkinson’s disease.

Key words

parkin Parkinson’s disease proteasome ubiquitination ubiquitin-protein ligase mitochondria