Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology

, 44:453

A review of fungal phytotoxins: from basic studies to practical use


DOI: 10.1134/S0003683808050013

Cite this article as:
Berestetskiy, A.O. Appl Biochem Microbiol (2008) 44: 453. doi:10.1134/S0003683808050013


Recent materials are summarized, pertaining to classification of fungal phytotoxins, methods of their isolation, and assays for biological activity. Producers of phytotoxic substances have been characterized, and the chemical nature of phytotoxins has been subjected to analysis. The review gives consideration to the mechanisms of action of phytotoxins on susceptible plants and the mechanisms of plant resistance to such agents. Other matters discussed include prospects of utilizing basic knowledge of the nature and mechanisms of action of phytotoxins for (1) developing means of plant protection against diseases and weeds and (2) identifying or classifying fungi (chemosystematics).

Copyright information

© MAIK Nauka 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.All-Russia Research Institute of Plant ProtectionRussian Academy of Agricultural SciencesSaint-Petersburg-PushkinRussia