Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 115–123

Influence of illumination conditions on the sea-bottom visibility

  • G. D. Gilbert
  • L. S. Dolin
  • I. M. Levin
  • A. G. Luchinin
  • S. Stewart
Article

DOI: 10.1134/S0001433806010117

Cite this article as:
Gilbert, G.D., Dolin, L.S., Levin, I.M. et al. Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. (2006) 42: 115. doi:10.1134/S0001433806010117

Abstract

Statistical models of the useful and background signals forming an image of the sea bottom observed through a rough sea surface are constructed. The methods for estimating the signal-to-noise ratio in the image of the bottom with the test distribution of the reflectance are described. The dependence of the signal-to-noise ratio on observational conditions, in particular, on the mutual orientation of the directions of sighting, wind, and solar vertical, is analyzed. Recommendations on the choice of optimal conditions for bottom observations from airborne carriers are given.

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. D. Gilbert
    • 1
  • L. S. Dolin
    • 2
  • I. M. Levin
    • 3
  • A. G. Luchinin
    • 2
  • S. Stewart
    • 1
  1. 1.SPAWAR System CenterSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Applied PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesNizhni NovgorodRussia
  3. 3.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, St. Petersburg BranchRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia