Decay of an electronic vortex of a collisionless shock wave as a possible mechanism of a “Coulomb explosion”
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- Gordeev, A.B. & Loseva, T.V. Jetp Lett. (1999) 70: 684. doi:10.1134/1.568246
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A new mechanism of a “Coulomb explosion,” where ions are accelerated by the electric field separating charges at the magnetic Debye radius rB∼B/4πene, is proposed on the basis of a nonquasineutral model of electronic vortices in a magnetic field. It is shown by means of numerical calculations that in the process of acceleration of the ions a collisionless shock wave, whose front has an effective width of the order of δ∼rB, determined by the breakdown of quasineutrality, is formed in a time of the order of ωpi−1, where ωpi is the ion plasma frequency. The origin of such explosive dynamics is the formation of “holes” in the electron density at characteristic times of the order of ωpe−1 (ωpe is the electronic plasma frequency) as a result of the generation of electronic vorticity by the Weibel instability of an electromagnetic wave. Calculations for a laser pulse with intensity J∼6×1018 W/cm2 show that the ions expand in the radial direction with velocities up to 3.5×108 cm/s.