, Volume 50, Issue 5, pp 869-873

Microhardness and fracture toughness of Y2O3-and Y3Al5O12-based nanocrystalline laser ceramics

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Abstract

The microhardness and fracture toughness of laser nanocrystalline ceramics based on the cubic oxides Y2O3 and Y3Al5O12 are determined experimentally. It is shown by comparative measurements that the fracture toughness and microhardness of Y2O3 ceramics exceed the corresponding parameters of Y2O3 single crystals by factors of 2.5 and 1.3, respectively. The fine morphology of grains and grain boundaries in fractures is investigated. It is ascertained that changes in the mechanical properties of the nanocrystalline ceramics under study are related to both the sizes and structure of grains and the structure of grain boundaries. It is suggested that twinning processes determine the mechanisms of formation of nanocrystalline ceramics.

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Translated from Kristallografiya, Vol. 50, No. 5, 2005, pp. 935–939.
Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Kaminski \(\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{\(\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}\)}}{l}\) , Akchurin, Ga \(\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{\(\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}\)}}{l}\) nutdinov, Takaichi, Shirakava, Yagi, Yanagitani, Ueda.