, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 338-346

Luminescence induced by spherically focused acoustic pulses in liquids

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Abstract

The determination of the phase of the bubble oscillation at the instant of light emission, which is a key issue for understanding the origin of cavitation luminescence of liquids, is discussed. The observation of luminescence in the course of the nucleation and growth of a bubble up to its collapse is performed in a bipolar wave consisting of a compression phase followed by a rarefaction phase in the regime of a two-fraction bubble cluster formation. The space-time distributions of the luminescence intensity and pressure and the dynamics of the cluster in water and a glycerin solution are investigated at the early stage of cavitation. A correlation between the maximal density of light flashes and the positive pressure pulses in the field of superposition of the initial and secondary cavitation compression waves is revealed. It is shown that the spherical focusing of acoustic pulses both away from the boundaries of the liquid and near its free surface makes it possible to compare the luminescence intensities for different rates of the pressure decrease.

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Translated from Akusticheski \(\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{\(\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}\)}}{l} \) Zhurnal, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2005, pp. 402–411.
Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Sankin.