, Volume 46, Issue 7, pp 1331-1339

Spectroscopy of the photonic stop band in synthetic opals

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The photonic band gap of opals has been studied experimentally from their optical transmission spectra as a function of the incident beam orientation in the opal crystal lattice. The measurements were carried out for all high-symmetry points on the surface of the Brillouin zone of an fcc lattice. The experimental dependence of the energy position of the photonic band gap on the light wave vector direction is well described by the set of theoretical relations developed for the stop bands originating from the Bragg diffraction of light on {111}-type planes of the twinned fcc lattice of synthetic opals.