, Volume 29, Issue 7, pp 561-565

On the efficiency of ELF/VLF generation using HF heating of the auroral electrojet

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Using experimental measurements and theoretical analysis, it is shown that the HF/ELF conversion efficiency is controlled by the timescale for electron temperature saturation. This is a function of the ERP and frequency of the heater and the ionospheric electron density profile. For the current HAARP parameters, this corresponds to frequencies between 2 and 4 kHz. Efficiency optimization techniques as applied to the projected upgrading of the HAARP heater to its design power of 3.6 MW are discussed.

From Fizika Plazmy, Vol. 29, No. 7, 2003, pp. 606–611.
Original English Text Copyright © 2003 by Papadopoulos, Wallace, McCarrick, Milikh, Yang.
This article was submitted by the authors in English.