, Volume 93, Issue 4, pp 588-597

Spin-orbit interaction and evolution of optical eddies in perturbed weakly directing optical fibers

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Abstract

The transformation of the angular momentum of an optical eddy in a weakly directing perturbed optical fiber is analyzed within the spin-orbit operator representation. The case of fibers with anisotropy of the core and cladding materials and the case of fibers with an elliptic cross section are considered. The spectrum of polarization corrections to the scalar propagation constant is determined for fibers of two types. For both the strongly anisotropic and elliptic fibers, the spin angular momentum of the linearly polarized LV eddy is suppressed and the orbital angular momentum is characterized by simple oscillations with a beating length dependent only on the spin-orbit parameter of an unperturbed fiber. The orbital and spin angular momenta of the circularly polarized CV eddy in the anisotropic fiber interchange in the elliptic fiber. The orbital angular momentum can be completely restored in the strongly anisotropic fiber, whereas only the spin angular momentum is completely restored in the elliptic fiber.

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Translated from Optika i Spektroskopiya, Vol. 93, No. 4, 2002, pp. 639–649.
Original Russian Text Copyright © 2002 by Alekseev, Volyar, Fadeeva.